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Petrochemical
 
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Hi Young Engineers! Do you know what is Petrochemical? Are you interested in the manufacture of chemical products made from petroleum? Now, we bring you a good news about that! Creation 2016 are going to back soon on this November! By the theme "Petrochemical" we will give you the knowledge about things near us which derived from petroleum.
Views: 2163 Creation UNDIP
WHAT ARE PETROCHEMICALS JANIYE HINDI MEIN
 
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PETROCHEMICALS KAISE BANTE HAIN
Views: 993 HELLO SCIENCE
What is PETROCHEMICAL? What does PETROCHEMICAL mean? PETROCHEMICAL meaning & explanation
 
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Do you travel a lot? Get yourself a mobile application to find THE CHEAPEST airline tickets deals available on the market: ANDROID - http://android.theaudiopedia.com - IPHONE - http://iphone.theaudiopedia.com or get BEST HOTEL DEALS worldwide: ANDROID - htttp://androidhotels.theaudiopedia.com - IPHONE - htttp://iphonehotels.theaudiopedia.com What is PETROCHEMICAL? What does PETROCHEMICAL mean? PETROCHEMICAL meaning - PETROCHEMICAL pronunciation -PETROCHEMICAL definition - PETROCHEMICAL explanation - How to pronounce PETROCHEMICAL? Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. Petrochemicals, also called petroleum distillates, are chemical products derived from petroleum. Some chemical compounds made from petroleum are also obtained from other fossil fuels, such as coal or natural gas, or renewable sources such as corn or sugar cane. The two most common petrochemical classes are olefins (including ethylene and propylene) and aromatics (including benzene, toluene and xylene isomers). Oil refineries produce olefins and aromatics by fluid catalytic cracking of petroleum fractions. Chemical plants produce olefins by steam cracking of natural gas liquids like ethane and propane. Aromatics are produced by catalytic reforming of naphtha. Olefins and aromatics are the building-blocks for a wide range of materials such as solvents, detergents, and adhesives. Olefins are the basis for polymers and oligomers used in plastics, resins, fibers, elastomers, lubricants, and gels. Global ethylene and propylene production are about 115 million tonnes and 70 million tonnes per annum, respectively. Aromatics production is approximately 70 million tonnes. The largest petrochemical industries are located in the USA and Western Europe; however, major growth in new production capacity is in the Middle East and Asia. There is substantial inter-regional petrochemical trade. Primary petrochemicals are divided into three groups depending on their chemical structure: Olefins includes ethylene, propylene, and butadiene. Ethylene and propylene are important sources of industrial chemicals and plastics products. Butadiene is used in making synthetic rubber. Aromatics includes benzene, toluene, and xylenes. Benzene is a raw material for dyes and synthetic detergents, and benzene and toluene for isocyanates MDI and TDI used in making polyurethanes. Manufacturers use xylenes to produce plastics and synthetic fibers. Synthesis gas is a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen used to make ammonia and methanol. Ammonia is used to make the fertilizer urea and methanol is used as a solvent and chemical intermediate. The prefix "petro-" is an arbitrary abbreviation of the word "petroleum"; since "petro-" is Ancient Greek for "rock" and "oleum" means "oil". Therefore, the etymologically correct term would be "oleochemicals". However, the term oleochemical is used to describe chemicals derived from plant and animal fats.
Views: 9437 The Audiopedia
Basic Introduction to Petrochemicals - Petrochemical
 
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This is a video I made for my high school chemistry class. I got an A+ & it was 2 weeks late ^_^. It's a Basic Introduction to Petrochemicals.
Views: 123838 CerebralAilment
Chemical Plant | Process Animation (Petrochemical)
 
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Luxxion | Technical Animations and Product Animations This Technical Animation is also a Product Animation by using a Petrochemical Environment. The Prilling Tower is placed in a Petrochemical environment. The Petrochemical proces of the Plant is visualised with arrows. The tempeture of the proces is visualised with different colors. The Kreber Prilling Tower was imported as 3D CAD model. Read more about Luxxion: Englisch: http://www.luxxion.com German: http://www.luxxion.de Dutch: http://www.luxxion.nl Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LuxxionCompany Project: Kreber | Prilling Tower Technical Industrial 3D Animation from 3D CAD models exported by: SolidWorks, Solid Edge, Catia, NX, One Space Designer, Inventor, ProE or other 3D CAD Software.
Views: 38880 LuxxionCompany
Petrochemicals 101
 
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Views: 16451 AFPMOnline
Petroleum and its refining - Chemistry
 
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This is a chemistry video for Grade 89-10 students that talks about the elaborate process of refining of petroleum in industry.
Views: 173327 Elearnin
√ Production of Ethylene | Production of Materials | Chemistry-
 
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#iitutor #Chemistry #ProductionOfMaterials https://www.iitutor.com The lightest fractions (refinery gas, petrol and naphtha) are used as fuels (e.g. bottled gas, LPG, petrol) or to manufacture petrochemicals (e.g. plastics, solvents, and refrigerants). Heavier fractions (kerosene, diesel) are used as fuels and lubricating oils as well as to boost petrol production by cracking the larger molecules into smaller fragments. It shows the composition of a typical Australian crude oil and the end use of petroleum products. Although alkanes are useful as fuels, alkanes are unreactive and as a consequence not very useful starting materials for the petrochemical industry. Alkenes however, with their reactive double bond, are ideal starting molecules for synthesis reactions. Ethene (ethylene) and propene (propylene) In particular, are important raw materials for the production of a huge range of synthetic carbon compounds including plastics, pharmaceuticals, insecticides and industrial chemicals. Ethene is the most versatile and widely used raw material in the petrochemical industry. However because very little ethene is found in natural gas or crude oil, it must be produced from other hydrocarbons by a process known as ‘cracking’. ‘Cracking’ is a chemical process by which hydrocarbons with higher molecular masses are converted to hydrocarbons of lower molecular mass. During this process chemical bonds within the hydrocarbon molecules are broken. Since ethene is a very simple molecule it can be synthesised from many different hydrocarbons. Ethene is usually produced in one of two ways: • catalytic cracking of some of the fractions separated during petroleum refining, or • steam (thermal) cracking of ethane and propane from natural gas deposits. Catalytic cracking and petroleum fractions: The proportions of different fractions obtained by the fractional distillation of petroleum usually do not match the demands of the market. There is greater demand for some fractions than for others. For example, the market for the gasoline fraction used as petrol for motor vehicles is huge but the demand for higher boiling point fractions is not as great even though these heavier fractions may make up more than 50% of the crude oil. Oil refineries have developed methods in which fractions containing hydrocarbons of higher molecular mass can be ‘cracked’ to produce hydrocarbons with a lower molecular mass. The fractions used (called feedstock) are the higher molecular mass fractions for which there is less market demand. The products of cracking include short chain alkanes that can be used as petrol, branched chain alkanes that improve the performance of petrol, alkenes, particularly ethene (ethylene) and propene (propylene), and hydrogen. The following equation represents the cracking of decane to produce octane and ethene. Cracking of petroleum fractions was first achieved by heating the fraction to very high temperatures in the absence of air. This process, called thermal cracking, was very expensive because of the energy required to maintain these high temperatures. It was also difficult to control the production of the end products as there are many different places where bond breaking could occur. An important development was the use of catalysts, which allowed the process to be carried out at much lower temperatures. This process, called catalytic cracking or ‘cat cracking', is carried out in a catalytic cracker like the one. Many gas reactions in industry are catalysed using solid inorganic catalysts onto which the gaseous reactants are adsorbed. These catalysts adsorb the reactants, thereby weakening their bonds and reducing the activation energy for the reaction. The main catalysts for the catalytic cracking of petroleum fractions are a group of silicate minerals called zeolites. Zeolites are crystalline substances composed of aluminium, silicon and oxygen. The catalyst is usually in the form of a fine powder that is circulated with the feedstock in the catalytic cracker. Zeolite crystals have a three-dimensional network structure containing a large number of tiny pores or channels similar to honeycomb. The reactant molecules are adsorbed in these pores where their reactions are catalysed. It is possible to synthesise zeolites with pores of different sizes. Specific zeolites have been developed that can be used with different feedstock and provide greater control of the products formed under different conditions of temperature and pressure. Steam Cracking of ethane and propane: The second method of ethene production involves converting ethane and propane to ethene by a process known as steam cracking. This is a form of thermal cracking and is the major source of ethene in the petrochemical industry. Ethane from natural gas deposits is fed a hot metal tube with steam.
Views: 25720 iitutor.com
Petrochemicals- The product and power of our lives!
 
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http://www.productsandpower.com
Petrochemical Overview Section (Lec007)
 
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COURSE LINK: https://www.chemicalengineeringguy.com/courses/petrochemicals-an-overview/ COURSE DESCRIPTION: The course is mainly about the petrochemical industry. Talks about several chemicals and their chemical routes in order to produce in mass scale the demands of the market. Learn about: * Petorchemical Industry * Difference between Petroleum Refining vs. Petrochemical Industry * Paraffins, Olefins, Napthenes & Aromatics * Market insight (production, consumption, prices) * Two main Petrochemical Processes: Naphtha Steam Cracking and Fluid Catalytic Cracking * The most important grouping in petrochemical products * Petrochemical physical & chemical properties. Chemical structure, naming, uses, production, etc. * Basic Gases in the industry: Ammonia, Syngas, etc... * C1 Cuts: Methane, Formaldehyde, Methanol, Formic Acid, Urea, Chloromethanes etc... * C2 Cuts: Ethane, Acetylene, Ethylene, Ethylene Dichloride, Vinyl Chloride, Ethylene Oxide, Ethanolamines, Ethanol, Acetaldehyde, Acetic Acid, Ethylene Glycols (MEG, DEG, TEG) * C3 Cuts: Propane, Propylene, Propylene Oxide, Isopropanol, Acetone, Acrylonitrile, Propediene, Allyl chloride, Acrylic acid, Propionic Acid, Propionaldehyde, Propylene Glycol * C4 Cuts: Butanes, Butylenes, Butadiene, Butanols, MTBE (Methyl Tert Butyl Ethers) * C5 cuts: Isoprene, Pentanes, Piperylene, Cyclopentadiene, Dicyclopentadiene, Isoamyl, etc... * Aromatics: Benzene, Toluene, Xylenes (BTX), Cumene, Phenol, Ethyl Benzene, Styrene, Pthalic Anhydride, Nitrobenzene, Aniline, Benzoic Acid, Chlorobenzene, etc... At the end of the course you will feel confident in how the petrochemical industry is established. You will know the most common petrochemicals as well as their distribution, production and importance in daily life. It will help in your future process simulations by knowing the common and economical chemical pathways. ---- Please show the love! LIKE, SHARE and SUBSCRIBE! More likes, sharings, suscribers: MORE VIDEOS! ----- CONTACT ME [email protected] www.ChemicalEngineeringGuy.com http://facebook.com/Chemical.Engineering.Guy You speak spanish? Visit my spanish channel -www.youtube.com/ChemEngIQA
Petroleum and Petrochemicals
 
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Useful for CBSE, ICSE, NCERT & International Students Grade : 11 Subject : Chemistry Lesson : Hydrocarbons Topic: Petroleum and Petrochemicals Petroleum or crude oil is a naturally occurring, toxic, flammable liquid consisting of a complex mixture of hydrocarbons of various molecular weights, and other organic compounds, that are found in geologic formations beneath the Earth's surface. Petrochemicals are chemical products derived from petroleum. Some chemical compounds made from petroleum are also obtained from other fossil fuels, such as coal or natural gas, or renewable sources such as corn or sugar cane. Visit www.oztern.com to find personalized test preparation solutions for Pre Medical - AIPMT, AIIMS, JIPMER, State, Pre Engineering - IIT JEE, JEE MAIN, BITSAT, State and Foundations - Class 6 to 10.
Views: 7033 CBSE
√ Ethylene and Petrochemicals | Production of Materials | Chemistry-
 
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#iitutor #Chemistry #ProductionOfMaterials https://www.iitutor.com/ Alkanes, which are the major constituents of natural gas, petroleum and coal, are much more abundant in nature than alkenes. However the lack of reactivity of alkanes limits their use as starting materials for the synthesis of other types of organic substances. Alkenes, on the other hand, are much more reactive than alkanes due to the presence of the C=C double bond. The reactivity of alkenes means they are much more useful as building blocks for the petrochemical industry. Ethene in particular is an extremely versatile starting material for the production of many different organic compounds. A summary of the industrially important reactions of ethene is given. Ethene, the first member of the alkene series, undergoes reactions typical of this group. The chemistry of ethene, as with all alkenes, is determined largely by its reactive double bond. The characteristic reaction of alkenes is the addition reaction. In addition reactions two new atoms or groups of atoms are ‘added’ across the double bond, one to each carbon atom linked by the double bond. This converts the carbon–carbon double bond to a single bond so that an unsaturated compound is converted to a saturated one. Ethene may undergo a large number of addition reactions to produce many useful products. Some of the more important reactions are outlined below. Addition of hydrogen to ethene (hydrogenation): Ethene is converted to ethane by heating it with hydrogen in the presence of a metal catalyst such as nickel, platinum or palladium. Addition of halogens to ethene (halogenation): When a halogen such as chlorine or bromine reacts with ethene, the double bond opens out and an addition reaction takes place. These halogenation reactions are useful tests for distinguishing between saturated hydrocarbons such as alkanes and unsaturated hydrocarbons including alkenes. A solution of bromine in a non-polar, organic solvent such as carbon tetrachloride has a distinctive red-brown colour. When a non-aqueous solution of bromine is added to an alkene, it loses its colour as bromine atoms add across the double bond in the alkene. When a non-aqueous solution of bromine is added to a saturated hydrocarbon, no reaction takes place and the solution retains its red-brown colour. An aqueous solution of bromine, known as bromine water, can also be used to dis¬tinguish between saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Unsaturated hydrocarbons decolourise the yellow-brown solution whereas saturated hydrocarbons do not. The products of this reaction vary but may include a bromoalkanol and hydrogen bromide. The addition of halogens to ethene produces some important products. For example 1,2-dibromoethane, which is produced by the reaction of ethene with bromine, is used with tetraethyllead as an additive in petrol to improve its performance. 1,2-dichloroethane, which is produced by the reaction of ethene with chlorine, is used to manufacture chloroethene which in turn is used to produce the plastic, poly(vinyl chloride), commonly known as PVC. Addition of hydrogen halides to ethene (hydrohalogenation): Hydrogen halides such as hydrogen chloride also react with alkenes. Addition of water to ethene (hydration): One of the most important industrial uses of ethene is the production of ethanol. Ethanol is prepared industrially from ethene by the addition of water in the presence of a sulfuric acid or phosphoric acid catalyst. Oxidation of ethene: The mild oxidation of ethene produces 1,2-ethanediol (ethylene glycol). This mild oxidation can be achieved by reacting ethene with cold, dilute potassium permanganate or alternatively with oxygen/water. 1,2-ethanediol is commonly used as 'antifreeze' in the cooling systems of cars as it has a lower freezing point and higher boiling point than water and does not cause corrosion. It is also used in the manufacture of magnetic tapes and photographic film as well as for making synthetic fibres. Other reactions of ethene Ethene is also used to make many intermediate compounds, which are in turn used to make other products. For example, ethene reacts with benzene under appropriate conditions to form styrene which can then be used to make poly(styrene). Ethene is also used in the production of chloroethene (vinyl chloride) which can then be used to make polyvinyl chloride) or PVC. The main use of ethene however, is to make the polymer poly(ethene) or polyethylene. In fact about 60% of the ethene produced in Australia is used in the manufacture of this important polymer. Substitution reactions of alkanes: Alkanes are less reactive and undergo substitution reactions. A substitution reaction of alkane with bromine water is very slow and only occurs in the presence of light.
Views: 9253 iitutor.com
Oil & Petrochemicals: inspection, testing and certification solutions provided by Bureau Veritas
 
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From production support to laboratory outsourcing: Bureau Veritas offers a wide range of services to the Oil & Petrochemicals industry
Views: 11251 BureauVeritasGroup
Mega-trends on the global petrochemical markets
 
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Yuriko Kato is speaking on the mega- trends on the global petrochemical markets at the Moscow Oil & Energy Forum, June 20 2017. --------------------------------------- Subscribe for more Platts video updates: http://plts.co/w7hd30cmrHv --------------------------------------- Keep up to date with all the latest Platts oil and natural gas news by Tweeting us at @PlattsOil / @PlattsGas respectively and by using the Forum hashtag #PlattsMOF --------------------------------------- You can also follow all our latest updates via: --------------------------------------- Website: http://plts.co/bTHC30cqfsW Facebook: http://plts.co/ng5Q30cqflH Twitter: http://plts.co/Thd730cQ905 LinkedIn: http://plts.co/YNL530cqfk
Views: 469 S&P Global Platts
Petrochemical Industry
 
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University Of Houston Professor Bott CHEM 1311 Spring mini-mester '16
Views: 5316 G H
What is a Petrochemical? (Lec008)
 
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COURSE LINK: https://www.chemicalengineeringguy.com/courses/petrochemicals-an-overview/ COURSE DESCRIPTION: The course is mainly about the petrochemical industry. Talks about several chemicals and their chemical routes in order to produce in mass scale the demands of the market. Learn about: * Petorchemical Industry * Difference between Petroleum Refining vs. Petrochemical Industry * Paraffins, Olefins, Napthenes & Aromatics * Market insight (production, consumption, prices) * Two main Petrochemical Processes: Naphtha Steam Cracking and Fluid Catalytic Cracking * The most important grouping in petrochemical products * Petrochemical physical & chemical properties. Chemical structure, naming, uses, production, etc. * Basic Gases in the industry: Ammonia, Syngas, etc... * C1 Cuts: Methane, Formaldehyde, Methanol, Formic Acid, Urea, Chloromethanes etc... * C2 Cuts: Ethane, Acetylene, Ethylene, Ethylene Dichloride, Vinyl Chloride, Ethylene Oxide, Ethanolamines, Ethanol, Acetaldehyde, Acetic Acid, Ethylene Glycols (MEG, DEG, TEG) * C3 Cuts: Propane, Propylene, Propylene Oxide, Isopropanol, Acetone, Acrylonitrile, Propediene, Allyl chloride, Acrylic acid, Propionic Acid, Propionaldehyde, Propylene Glycol * C4 Cuts: Butanes, Butylenes, Butadiene, Butanols, MTBE (Methyl Tert Butyl Ethers) * C5 cuts: Isoprene, Pentanes, Piperylene, Cyclopentadiene, Dicyclopentadiene, Isoamyl, etc... * Aromatics: Benzene, Toluene, Xylenes (BTX), Cumene, Phenol, Ethyl Benzene, Styrene, Pthalic Anhydride, Nitrobenzene, Aniline, Benzoic Acid, Chlorobenzene, etc... At the end of the course you will feel confident in how the petrochemical industry is established. You will know the most common petrochemicals as well as their distribution, production and importance in daily life. It will help in your future process simulations by knowing the common and economical chemical pathways. ---- Please show the love! LIKE, SHARE and SUBSCRIBE! More likes, sharings, suscribers: MORE VIDEOS! ----- CONTACT ME [email protected] www.ChemicalEngineeringGuy.com http://facebook.com/Chemical.Engineering.Guy You speak spanish? Visit my spanish channel -www.youtube.com/ChemEngIQA
The future of petrochemicals
 
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Petrochemical products are everywhere and are integral to modern societies. They include plastics, fertilisers, packaging, clothing, digital devices, medical equipment, detergents, tires and many others. They are also found in many parts of the modern energy system, including solar panels, wind turbine blades, batteries, thermal insulation for buildings, and electric vehicle parts. The Future of Petrochemicals takes a close look at the consequences of growing demand for these products, and what we can do to accelerate a clean energy transition for the petrochemical industry.
Basic Petroleum Refinery Processes
 
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Petroleum refining has evolved continuously throughout the years. Present-day refineries produce a variety of products including many required as feed-stock for the petrochemical industry. RedVector's Petroleum Refining Processes and Related Health and Safety Considerations course aims to fulfill the refining process requirements by discussing the basic chemicals, processes, products and environmental impacts involved in the refineries in detail Learn more at www.RedVector.com Preview course https://www.redvector.com/training-for-companies/course-search/detail/?course=4db16ab8-814a-4a53-a06d-eb6b0a259a4d
Views: 16801 RedVectorOnline
Crude Oil Fractions and their uses | The Chemistry Journey | The Fuse School
 
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Learn the basics about the uses of crude oil fractions. Before watching this video you should watch our video explaining how crude oil is separated into it's different length hydrocarbon fractions by utilising the different boiling points of each hydrocarbon fraction. At Fuse School, teachers and animators come together to make fun & easy-to-understand videos in Chemistry, Biology, Physics, Maths & ICT. Our OER are available free of charge to anyone. Make sure to subscribe - we are going to create 3000 more! Fuse School is currently running the Chemistry Journey project - a Chemistry Education project by The Fuse School sponsored by Fuse. These videos can be used in a flipped classroom model or as a revision aid. Find our other Chemistry videos here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLW0gavSzhMlReKGMVfUt6YuNQsO0bqSMV Be sure to follow our social media for the latest videos and information! Twitter: https://twitter.com/fuseschool Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/fuseschool Google+: http://www.gplus.to/FuseSchool Youtube: http://www.youtube.com/virtualschooluk Email: [email protected] Website: www.fuseschool.org This video is distributed under a Creative Commons License: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs CC BY-NC-ND
√ Petroleum Refining - Crude Oil - Production of Materials - Petrochemical - Chemistry-
 
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#iitutor #Chemistry #ProductionOfMaterials https://www.iitutor.com Fossil fuels such as coal, petroleum and natural gas are important sources of energy for industrialised countries. These fuels, which are mixtures of hydrocarbons, are burned in air or oxygen to release energy. However fossil fuels, particularly petroleum (crude oil) and natural gas, have another important use. They are an invaluable source of raw materials for the petrochemical industry. About 95% of all synthetic carbon compounds, including plastics, resins and solvents, are derived from compounds produced from petroleum and natural gas. Petroleum (crude oil) is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons consisting mainly of alkanes and cycloalkanes with smaller quantities of unsaturated hydrocarbons including alkenes. Regardless of whether the petroleum is used for fuels or as raw material (feedstock) for the petrochemical industry, it must first be refined. Crude oil can be separated into various fractions by the process called fractional distillation. Separation into fractions is based on differences in boiling points of the hydrocarbon components. The crude oil is vaporised and the vapour mixture rises up the fractionating column. The short-chain hydrocarbons have lower boiling points and rise higher in the column before condensing. The long-chain hydrocarbons condense in the lower parts of the column. The liquid fractions are removed at various levels. The residue consists of long-chained bituminous solids that are periodically removed from the base. The nature and composition of the fractions varies somewhat between refineries. CD2111 http://youtu.be/In3Slgka8gc
Views: 50271 iitutor.com
Iran Petrochemical Industry
 
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This documentary looks at the Iranian petrochemical industry from its fledgling years when oil was first discovered to the role it now plays in the international arena.
Views: 9115 PressTV Documentaries
Upstream vs Downstream
 
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Oil 101 - Introduction to the Oil and Gas Industry http://www.ektinteractive.com http://www.ektinteractive.com/oil-101 http://www.ektinteractive.com/upstream-vs-downstream What is the difference between Upstream and Downstream in Oil and Gas? The collapse of oil prices and subsequent layoffs in the Upstream oil and gas sector has led to an increase in people asking, “What is the difference between Upstream and Downstream?” We have received this question from our members of our learning community, seen the question raised Linkedin discussions, and you can even see that ‘Upstream vs Downstream’ is a growing inquiry in Google searches. You are not alone! The oil and gas industry is like a see-saw. The low oil prices that are crushing upstream economics right now are a boon to downstream and petrochemical operations. Just look at the stock prices of upstream E&P operators (like Continental Resources) versus pure refiners (like Valero). Yet when most people think of the oil and gas industry, they think of upstream – searching for oil, drilling wells, and getting hydrocarbons out of the ground. There is much less common knowledge about the midstream and downstream segments of the industry. Maybe it’s just because they are more regulated and less exciting. And yes, the wildcatter holds a special place in our imaginations. What is Upstream? Most oil and gas companies’ business structures are segmented and organized according to business segment, assets, or function. The upstream segment of the oil and gas business is also known as the exploration and production (E&P) sector because it encompasses activities related to searching for, recovering and producing crude oil and natural gas. The upstream oil and gas segment is all about wells: where to locate them; how deep and how far to drill them; and how to design, construct, operate and manage them to deliver the greatest possible return on investment with the lightest, safest and smallest operational footprint. Exploration The exploration sector involves obtaining a lease and permission to drill from the owners of onshore or offshore acreage thought to contain oil or gas, and conducting necessary geological and geophysical (G&G) surveys required to explore for (and hopefully find) economic accumulations of oil or gas. Drilling There is always uncertainty in the geological and geophysical survey results. The only way to be sure that a prospect is favorable is to drill an exploratory well. Drilling is physically creating the “borehole” in the ground that will eventually become an oil or gas well. This work is done by rig contractors and service companies in the Oilfield Services business sector. Production The production sector of the upstream segment maximizes recovery of petroleum from subsurface reservoirs. Production activities include efficiently recovering the oil and gas in a producing filed using primary, secondary and tertiary, or enhanced oil recovery (also referred to as improved oil recovery). Plug and abandonment marks the end of the productive life of a well. That event can occur anywhere from a few years after the well is drilled to five or six decades later. What is Downstream? Processing, transporting and selling refined products made from crude oil is the business of the downstream segment of the oil and gas industry. Key downstream business sectors include: Oil Refining Supply and Trading Product Marketing and Retail The downstream industry provides thousands of products to end-user customers around the globe. Many products are familiar such as gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, heating oil and asphalt for roads. Others are not as familiar such as lubricants, synthetic rubber, plastics, fertilizers and pesticides. The downstream segment is a margin business. Margin is defined as the difference between the price realized for the products produced from the crude oil and the cost of the crude delivered to the refinery. Although the price of crude sets the absolute level of product prices, it may or may not affect refining or marketing margins. Downstream margins tend to be reduced, or squeezed, when crude price increases often cannot be recovered in the marketplace. On the other hand, margins tend to hold, or even increase, when crude prices drop and the marketplace more slowly adjusts to these lower crude prices. We’ve all seen this in action lately! The downstream segment includes complex and diverse activities including manufacturing, petrochemical refining, distribution, and retail. A global perspective is important because of the global nature of the energy supply chain as well as the impact of supply and demand on both feedstock and product prices. ------------------------------------------------------------------ JOIN THE OIL 101 LEARNING COMMUNITY TODAY! http://www.ektinteractive.com/oil-101
Views: 60166 EKTInteractive
Petrochemicals - A Complete Guide to Process & Industry (TRAILER)
 
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COURSE LINK: https://www.chemicalengineeringguy.com/courses/petrochemicals-an-overview/ COURSE DESCRIPTION: The course is mainly about the petrochemical industry. Talks about several chemicals and their chemical routes in order to produce in mass scale the demands of the market. Learn about: * Petorchemical Industry * Difference between Petroleum Refining vs. Petrochemical Industry * Paraffins, Olefins, Napthenes & Aromatics * Market insight (production, consumption, prices) * Two main Petrochemical Processes: Naphtha Steam Cracking and Fluid Catalytic Cracking * The most important grouping in petrochemical products * Petrochemical physical & chemical properties. Chemical structure, naming, uses, production, etc. * Basic Gases in the industry: Ammonia, Syngas, etc... * C1 Cuts: Methane, Formaldehyde, Methanol, Formic Acid, Urea, Chloromethanes etc... * C2 Cuts: Ethane, Acetylene, Ethylene, Ethylene Dichloride, Vinyl Chloride, Ethylene Oxide, Ethanolamines, Ethanol, Acetaldehyde, Acetic Acid, Ethylene Glycols (MEG, DEG, TEG) * C3 Cuts: Propane, Propylene, Propylene Oxide, Isopropanol, Acetone, Acrylonitrile, Propediene, Allyl chloride, Acrylic acid, Propionic Acid, Propionaldehyde, Propylene Glycol * C4 Cuts: Butanes, Butylenes, Butadiene, Butanols, MTBE (Methyl Tert Butyl Ethers) * C5 cuts: Isoprene, Pentanes, Piperylene, Cyclopentadiene, Dicyclopentadiene, Isoamyl, etc... * Aromatics: Benzene, Toluene, Xylenes (BTX), Cumene, Phenol, Ethyl Benzene, Styrene, Pthalic Anhydride, Nitrobenzene, Aniline, Benzoic Acid, Chlorobenzene, etc... At the end of the course you will feel confident in how the petrochemical industry is established. You will know the most common petrochemicals as well as their distribution, production and importance in daily life. It will help in your future process simulations by knowing the common and economical chemical pathways. ---- Please show the love! LIKE, SHARE and SUBSCRIBE! More likes, sharings, suscribers: MORE VIDEOS! ----- CONTACT ME [email protected] www.ChemicalEngineeringGuy.com http://facebook.com/Chemical.Engineering.Guy You speak spanish? Visit my spanish channel -www.youtube.com/ChemEngIQA
what is petrochemicals
 
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petrochemicals
Views: 991 AAPG SU SC Channel
IEA's The Future of Petrochemicals
 
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The CSIS Energy & National Security Program is pleased to host David Turk (International Energy Agency) for a presentation and discussion on the IEA's upcoming report, The Future of Petrochemicals: Towards a more Sustainable Supply of Plastics and Fertilizers. This new report explores the future role of the petrochemical sector within overall oil demand and the global energy system. Sarah Ladislaw (CSIS) will moderate a discussion following Mr. Turk's presentation. The Future of Petrochemicals discusses how petrochemicals-derived products are ingrained in today's society and what role they could play in the sustainable transformation of energy systems. Providing a global assessment, the report is informed by key, region-specific analyses. It will be released on October 5th. --------------------------------------------------------------------- Subscribe to our channel: http://cs.is/2dCfTve CSIS is the world's #1 defense and national security think tank. Visit http://www.csis.org to find more of our work as we bring bipartisan solutions to the world's greatest challenges. Check out the rest of our videos here: http://cs.is/2dolqpj Follow CSIS on Twitter: http://twitter.com/csis On Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CSIS.org And on Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/csis/
Iran Two new petrochemical products, Shazand Petrochemical Industries دو دستاورد پتروشيمي شازند
 
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July 31, 2018 (Persian calendar 1397/5/9) Shazand Petrochemical Industries (صنايع پتروشيمي شازند) official website http://www.arpc.ir Type of company: Shazand Petrochemical Company is a public company Company activities: According to constitution Article 2 ; the company activities subject is construction of petrochemical complex is intended for some activity in fields of petrochemical, chemical and related industries, extraction and production of materials and petrochemical products such as CFO / HPG / C6 CUT (Olefins ), C4-cut / Butene – 1 (C4-Cut / But- 1 ) , ( Polyethylene(PE ),Polypropylene (PP) , Butadiene ( BR), Poly Butadiene ( PBR ), Acetic Acid (AA), Vinyl Acetate monomer ( VAM ) , Ethylene Oxide and Ethylene Glycols ( EO/EG ), 2- Ethyl Hexanol / normal Butanol /ISO Butanol ( OXO Alcohol ) ,Ethanol Amines ( EA ) Butachlore / Alachlore - Forming a variety of companies or partnerships (civil or rights) with companies - Proceed with buying and selling property and internal & external trade - Utilize fiscal facilities and credits of banks and credit institutions - Dealing in manufacturing and service companies - Purchase and sale of securities - Service operations, finance, credit and Commerce about this company - Agents, establish branches and agencies granted within and outside the country - Perform all operations directly or indirectly beneficial or necessary to achieve of company objectives that are necessary About Shazand Petrochemical Company: Shazand Petrochemical Company has established as Grass rot complex for the production of different petrochemical products such as Plastics, Synthetic rubber and other chemical from naphtha as feedstock. The total saleable annual production capacity of the complex presently is 620,000 tons achieved in eighteen production plant to serve domestic market as well as exported to the global market. The production of the Complex by adopting the advanced and modern technologies are tailored to meet the internationally acceptable application grades and purities both for polymers and chemical products, which are furnished in this brochure. Shazand Petrochemical Company is holding the ISO 90001-Version 2000, ISO 14001-2004 and OHSAS 18001-1999 certificates. Iran Unveiled two new petrochemical products, Shazand Petrochemical Industries رونمايي از دو دستاورد پتروشيمي شازند ايران
Views: 294 Persian_boy
Top Petrochemical and Oil Companies (Lec017)
 
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COURSE LINK: https://www.chemicalengineeringguy.com/courses/petrochemicals-an-overview/ COURSE DESCRIPTION: The course is mainly about the petrochemical industry. Talks about several chemicals and their chemical routes in order to produce in mass scale the demands of the market. Learn about: * Petorchemical Industry * Difference between Petroleum Refining vs. Petrochemical Industry * Paraffins, Olefins, Napthenes & Aromatics * Market insight (production, consumption, prices) * Two main Petrochemical Processes: Naphtha Steam Cracking and Fluid Catalytic Cracking * The most important grouping in petrochemical products * Petrochemical physical & chemical properties. Chemical structure, naming, uses, production, etc. * Basic Gases in the industry: Ammonia, Syngas, etc... * C1 Cuts: Methane, Formaldehyde, Methanol, Formic Acid, Urea, Chloromethanes etc... * C2 Cuts: Ethane, Acetylene, Ethylene, Ethylene Dichloride, Vinyl Chloride, Ethylene Oxide, Ethanolamines, Ethanol, Acetaldehyde, Acetic Acid, Ethylene Glycols (MEG, DEG, TEG) * C3 Cuts: Propane, Propylene, Propylene Oxide, Isopropanol, Acetone, Acrylonitrile, Propediene, Allyl chloride, Acrylic acid, Propionic Acid, Propionaldehyde, Propylene Glycol * C4 Cuts: Butanes, Butylenes, Butadiene, Butanols, MTBE (Methyl Tert Butyl Ethers) * C5 cuts: Isoprene, Pentanes, Piperylene, Cyclopentadiene, Dicyclopentadiene, Isoamyl, etc... * Aromatics: Benzene, Toluene, Xylenes (BTX), Cumene, Phenol, Ethyl Benzene, Styrene, Pthalic Anhydride, Nitrobenzene, Aniline, Benzoic Acid, Chlorobenzene, etc... At the end of the course you will feel confident in how the petrochemical industry is established. You will know the most common petrochemicals as well as their distribution, production and importance in daily life. It will help in your future process simulations by knowing the common and economical chemical pathways. ---- Please show the love! LIKE, SHARE and SUBSCRIBE! More likes, sharings, suscribers: MORE VIDEOS! ----- CONTACT ME [email protected] www.ChemicalEngineeringGuy.com http://facebook.com/Chemical.Engineering.Guy You speak spanish? Visit my spanish channel -www.youtube.com/ChemEngIQA
How does an oil refinery work? How is crude oil transformed into everyday usable products?
 
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To discover more, you can play with our interactive animation: https://www.fuelseurope.eu/knowledge/how-refining-works/ The purpose of an oil refinery is to turn crude oil into products that are fit for end-use, in the quantities that are required by the market. Watch our video and explore the animation to follow the transformation process, from crude oil to end product, and discover what makes European modern refineries truly competitive today.
Views: 349720 FuelsEurope
IRAN - Petrochemical Industry
 
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Petrochemical products top the chart of Iran's non-oil exports. Last year only Iran earned $12 billion from exporting 16 million tons of petrochemical products to 60 different countries. In this feature of IRAN, Gisoo-Misha Ahmadi will be taking you on a quick tour of the National Iranian Petrochemical Company and introduce you to the developments made in the petrochemical sector.
Views: 3957 PressTV Videos
What is Cracking? Dow Chemical Builds New Ethylene Production Plant at Dow Texas Operations
 
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Dow's new ethylene production plant along the gulf coast will increase operations with cost-advantaged feedstocks available from increasing supplies of U.S. shale gas. Learn more about how Dow is expanding operations in the Gulf Coast.
Petrochemical
 
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Petrochemicals are chemical products derived from petroleum. Some chemical compounds made from petroleum are also obtained from other fossil fuels, such as coal or natural gas, or renewable sources such as corn or sugar cane. The two most common petrochemical classes are olefins (including ethylene and propylene) and aromatics (including benzene, toluene and xylene isomers). Oil refineries produce olefins and aromatics by fluid catalytic cracking of petroleum fractions. Chemical plants produce olefins by steam cracking of natural gas liquids like ethane and propane. Aromatics are produced by catalytic reforming of naphtha. Olefins and aromatics are the building-blocks for a wide range of materials such as solvents, detergents, and adhesives. Olefins are the basis for polymers and oligomers used in plastics, resins, fibers, elastomers, lubricants, and gels. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 3533 Audiopedia
IEA The Future of Petrochemicals
 
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October 17, 2018 Petrochemicals have created a wide range of modern products which have made themselves indispensable to society. The manufacture of those products absorbs an increasing proportion of the world’s oil and gas and the sector accounts for 11% of global final energy demand. This share is expected to increase in the future driven by the sector’s activity growth. Feedstock represents about half of the total energy inputs to the sector, almost 90% of which is oil and gas. Despite its size, the sector continues to take a back seat in the global energy debate. Join the Center on Global Energy Policy for a presentation and discussion with Peter Levi, Energy Analyst at IEA and the co-lead author of the upcoming IEA report titled The Future of Petrochemicals. The study explores the role of the sector in today’s global energy system and how its significance for global energy security and the environment is set to increase on the basis of established trends. The report also draws a path to an alternative scenario consistent with different UN sustainable development goals and assesses the resulting upstream impacts on oil and natural gas demand. Katherine Spector, Research Scholar at CGEP, will moderate the discussion with Mr. Levi following the presentation. A podcast of this event will be available about week after the date of the event through iTunes and our website.
How to utilise petrochemicals - feedstock
 
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www.12hourmba.com 12 Hour MBA in Petrochemicals The 12 Hour MBA in Petrochemicals is an introductory-level online training course designed to bridge knowledge gaps. It is most useful to new entrants, senior managers needing a big picture refresher and professional advisors and suppliers to the field. Explore real-world lessons they don't teach you on the job, from the comfort of your desk. In just 12 hours you will: - Gain an understanding of petrochemical processes and equipment - Learn how to optimise the hydrocarbon value chain - Confidently master the technical terms and jargon used in the industry - Gain an understanding of petrochemical markets and look at forecasting methodologies - Understand the project evaluation process in the petrochemical industry - Look at current innovations and challenges and consider what the future holds For more information, contact us at: www.terrapinntraining.com/contact-us.aspx
Views: 491 TerrapinnTraining
IHS Chemicals Training-  Mastering the Petrochemical Industry
 
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To register: www.ihs.com/products/petrochemical-training.html Learn about the global impact of oil prices to better understand how industry dynamics can affect your business, and make more informed business decisions. IHS courses and workshops are designed to be of interest and value to both new and experienced professionals from the chemical, energy, refining and renewable industries, or those in adjacent industries such as agriculture, oil and gas, manufacturing, automotive and financial services. These courses will benefit anyone who wants to deepen their knowledge and understanding across chemical and energy value chains or those who want to gain strategic points view points on end-markets, processes and trends. More at: www.ihs.com/products/petrochemical-training.html
Views: 485 IHS Markit
Petrochemical Industry
 
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Check out our website for more information on the American Fuel and Petrochemical Industry www.fuelingtheamericandream.com
Views: 343 AI Marcom Club
First, Second & Third Generation Petrochemicals
 
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Petrochemicals are compounds and polymers that are derived directly or indirectly from petroleum.Among the major petrochemicals are plastics, synthetic fibres, synthetic rubber, detergents and nitrogen fertilizers.
Views: 115 Chemistry House
Iran Khorasan Petrochemical industries products Urea, Ammonia, Melamine crystal
 
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January 19, 2017 (Persian calendar 1395/10/30) Iran Khorasan Petrochemical industries products Urea, Ammonia, Melamine crystal
Views: 317 Persian_boy
[OFFICIAL] Introducing Products by Shinsung Petrochemical(신성유화 기술영상)
 
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[OFFICIAL] Introducing Products by Shinsung Petrochemical(신성유화 기술영상)
Where is crude oil used? What products and applications are made from oil?
 
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Everybody knows the basis uses of oil: it gives us power, light and heat. But its uses go far beyond that, affecting many aspects of our lives often unknown to us. Explore some of the uses of oil derivatives and how, through its products, oil actively contributes to many of our daily activities. http://www.fuelseurope.eu/
Views: 18195 FuelsEurope
Refinery Crude Oil Distillation Process Complete Full HD
 
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Crude Oil Distillation Process Complete. This video describe the complete distillation process in a Refinery. Animation Description will help you to understand the things better.
Views: 762579 ChemicalEngineering
EU sanctions hit Iran petrochemical exports
 
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http://www.euronews.com/ Iran's petrochemical exports have plunged nearly 90 percent in the last two weeks, according to traders and shipping data. That is because most shipping firms cannot get insurance to transport cargoes due to EU sanctions. The sanctions banning European insurers and reinsurers from covering tankers carrying Iranian petrochemicals came into effect at the start of May. Similar EU measures aimed at crude and oil products will start in July. "Petrochemicals are definitely an indication of what could happen to crude, but I doubt the impact will be as strong," said Erik Nikolai Stavseth, a shipping analyst with Arctic Securities. Shipping data confirmed a sharp drop in Iranian petrochemical exports, which includes methanol, xylene and caustic soda, to around 60,000 tonnes a week in May from a weekly average of 350,000 tonnes last year. However, Iran's deputy oil minister, Abdolhossein Bayat, told local media earlier this month that the country's petrochemical exports had not declined despite EU sanctions. OPEC's second-largest oil producer could be exporting more petrochemicals than what is evident from shipping data, as captains on some of Iran's ships have turned off the black box transponders that monitor vessel movements. Find us on: Youtube http://bit.ly/zr3upY Facebook http://www.facebook.com/euronews.fans Twitter http://twitter.com/euronews
Hydrocarbon Cracking and Why It Is Done | The Chemistry Journey | The Fuse School
 
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Learn the basics about the cracking of hydrocarbons and why it is done. At Fuse School, teachers and animators come together to make fun & easy-to-understand videos in Chemistry, Biology, Physics, Maths & ICT. Our OER are available free of charge to anyone. Make sure to subscribe - we are going to create 3000 more! The Fuse School is currently running the Chemistry Journey project - a Chemistry Education project by The Fuse School sponsored by Fuse. These videos can be used in a flipped classroom model or as a revision aid. Find our other Chemistry videos here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLW0gavSzhMlReKGMVfUt6YuNQsO0bqSMV Be sure to follow our social media for the latest videos and information! Twitter: https://twitter.com/fuseschool Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/fuseschool Google+: http://www.gplus.to/FuseSchool Youtube: http://www.youtube.com/virtualschooluk Email: [email protected] Website: www.fuseschool.org This video is distributed under a Creative Commons License: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs CC BY-NC-ND
Iran's petrochemical industry has been developed in recent years
 
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The petrochemical industry in Iran has developed considerably in the past years. The construction of new petrochemical units has been high on Rouhani administration’s agenda. Our correspondent Hamid Javani has visited a number of these plants and filed us this report from Assaluye, South of Iran. Watch Live: http://www.presstv.com/live.html Twitter: http://twitter.com/PressTV LiveLeak: http://www.liveleak.com/c/PressTV Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/PRESSTV Google+: http://plus.google.com/+VideosPTV Instagram: http://instagram.com/presstvchannel Dailymotion: http://www.dailymotion.com/presstv
Views: 2095 PressTV
petroleum refining basics
 
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Since I stumbled on Project Kaisei, and they were talking about cracking the plastics for diesel fuel... time to post this.
Views: 414707 ricekenn