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Oracle LENGTH Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-length/ The Oracle LENGTH function allows you to find the length of a string, also known as the number of characters in a string. It’s a common feature in different languages, and SQL is no different. The LENGTH function only has one parameter: LENGTH ( string_value ) The parameter is the string_value which is the value to check the length of. The function returns a number that represents the number of characters in the function. Some points to remember about the Oracle LENGTH function: If string_value is NULL, then LENGTH will return NULL. If string_value is an empty string, the LENGTH will return NULL. The string_value can be any of the character data types - CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, NVARCHAR2, CLOB, NCLOB. If the string_value is a CHAR data type, then the LENGTH will include any trailing spaces in the value. For more information about the Oracle LENGTH function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-length/
Views: 318 Database Star
Oracle interview question difference between null functions
 
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Difference between NVL,NVL2, NULLIF and COALESCE NVL function will check whether the first input parameter is null, if first input parameter is null then the function returns the second parameter value as output. NVL2 function will check the first parameter, and return second parameter if the first parameter is not null, otherwise returns third parameter. NULLIF will compare the input parameters ( first and second parameter ), and returns NULL of both are same, otherwise returns the first parameter value. COALESCE, returns the first not null expression in the given input parameters. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- List of all the SQL and PLSQL interview questions https://easy-learning-tech.blogspot.com/p/oracle-sql-plsql-interview-questions.html
Views: 282 Siva Academy
Oracle Database11g tutorials 13 || SQL substr function / SQL substring function
 
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link of SQL substr blog : http://www.rebellionrider.com/SQL-substr-function.htm SQL substr function SQL Substr function will return a sub string of a specified length from the source string beginning at a given position. Tool used in this tutorial is command prompt. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- As the name suggests SQL Substr function will return substring from a given source string. Let's see the Syntax Substr (source_string, start_pos, Substr_length) As we can see SQL substr function takes 3 parameters. First one is Source string from which you want to extract the segment. Second parameter is Starting position for sub string from the Source string. And the third parameter is Substr_length which is the length for the substring. First two parameters are mandatory to specify while third one is optional. So we can say. SQL Substr function will return a sub string of a specified length from the source string beginning at a given position. First parameter source string can be of any data type CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, NVARCHAR2, CLOB, or NCLOB whereas both start_pos, Substr_length parameters must be number data type. The returning result of SQL Substr function is of same data type of source string. Let's see an example of SQL Substr function. SELECT substr('www.RebellionRider.com',5,14) FROM dual; Here in this query url of my website www.RebellionRider.com is our source string with the total length of 22 characters, Now, I want to extract the name of my website that is, RebellionRider. So if you count the total length of the name of the website, it is 14. That's why I have specified 14 as my third parameter of SQL Substr function which is substr_length. Also the name of the website RebellionRider is starting from 5th position therefore I have specified 5 at second parameter of SQL substr function which is strt_pos or starting position. Execute it. Here is our result RebellionRider When starting position is larger than the length of source string. In this case SQL Substr function will return NULL as a result. Let's do an example. SELECT substr('www.RebellionRider.com',23,14) FROM dual; As you can see here I have specified 23 at starting position and the total length of our source string is 22 characters Let's execute And the result is Null. Second scenario When the Substr_length is greater than source string In this case the segment return is the substring from starting position to the end of the string. For example SELECT substr('www.RebellionRider.com',5,23) FROM dual; Our starting position is at 5 means at the first R of RebellionRider and length of substring is set to 23 which is greater than the length of source string that is 22. Execute. As you can see we get a substring from first R of RebellionRider till the end of the source String. Third scenario When you supply numeric or arithmetic expression or a DATE instead of character as Source string to SQL Substr function In this scenario If you have supplied a numeric string instead of character as source string, the oracle engine casts them as a character when they occur as parameter to SQL Substr function. And if you have supplied Arithmetic expression or a DATE then The Oracle engine first solves or evaluates the Arithmetic expression or the DATE Then casts them as a character. Means if you have arithmetic expression in your source string then oracle will first solve it and then change or say cast the value of its result into character. Let's see some example. SELECT substr(50000-7,2,4) FROM dual; Oracle first evaluates the arithmetic expression that is 50000-7 equals to 49993. And then oracle engine casts this result 49993 into a character string. Means 49993 will be a 5 characters string. Starting position of substring is 2, that means from the first 9 of 49993 We specified the length of substring is 4 so we must get 9993 as our result. Let's check execute
Views: 79939 Manish Sharma
PL/SQL: Without using Length function
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn how to get the length of a string PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 2113 radhikaravikumar
Oracle TO_DATE Function Explained with Examples
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-to_date/ The Oracle TO_DATE function is one of the most useful conversion functions in Oracle. It can be a little confusing though. The TO_DATE function is used to convert a character value to a date value. You can use it to convert a string that is in the format of a date, into a date data type. Why would you use this? Converting a character to a date is helpful if you want to insert a date into a column in a table. Being specific about the format (explicit) is better than assuming the conversion will be done for you (implicit). This TO_DATE function only converts to a DATE data type. If you want to convert to the other datetime data types, you’ll have to use other functions such as TO_TIMESTAMP or TO_TIMESTAMP_TZ. The syntax for this function is: TO_DATE(charvalue [, format_mask [, nls_date_language]]) The parameters for this function are: Charvalue: This is the character value that you want to convert to a date. It’s the main input of the function. Format_mask: This is the format that the input value, the charvalue, is in. This is used to help convert your character value into a date, as your character may be in a different format to the default. Nls_date_language: this is used to determine how the output is displayed. For more information about the Oracle TO_DATE function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-to_date/
Views: 1213 Database Star
ORACLE: How to get FIRST and LAST DAY of  Month ?
 
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SQL Language, available for any version of Oracle Database.
Views: 5381 Database Tutorials
Basics of jdbc programming Tutorial-10(Storing a text file into oracle database)
 
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this video deals with the overall idea of how the jdbc program is connected to the database in order to store a text file //storing of a text file to oracle database import java.sql.*; import java.io.*; class Jdbc { public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception { Connection con=null; PreparedStatement pst=null; try { Class.forName("oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver"); con=DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:oracle:thin:@localhost:1521:xe", "student","shubham123"); if(con!=null) { System.out.println("connection established"); pst=con.prepareStatement("update myfile set col1=? where col2=100"); } if(pst!=null) { System.out.println("preparedstatement object created"); File f=new File("f:\\hello.txt"); FileReader fr =new FileReader(f); pst.setCharacterStream(1,fr,(int)f.length()); System.out.println("file size="+f.length()); int i=pst.executeUpdate(); System.out.println(i+" records affected"); } } catch(SQLException e) { e.printStackTrace(); } catch(ClassNotFoundException e) { e.printStackTrace(); } catch(Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); } finally { pst.close(); con.close(); } } }
Views: 115 Learn it by Fun
MySQL 33 - Datetime, Date, Time Data Types
 
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Next up on our MySQL to-do list is to learn about storing dates and times. There are various data types in MySQL for storing dates and times. It seems MySQL and databases likes to break everything up into multiple data types to make things more organized at the consequence of being confusing and annoying. This video is going to be talking about the DATETIME, DATE, and TIME data types. These are all used to store, you guessed it, dates and times. The one you choose depends on your needs. If you just need dates, choose DATE. If you just need times, choose TIME, if you need both stored together, choose DATETIME. Now you set a column one of these data types whenever you want every row for this field to have some sort of date, time or both…but how exactly is the data formatted? This requires us to understand some convention. For example, in the USA at least, if you have something like 4:30AM, by convention you know the hour is 4 and the minutes are 30. But this is just an agreed upon convention. MySQL has its own convention…For example 2017-02-02. The first thing is the year, the second is the month, and the third is the day. That is for the DATE. The convention for time is 22:54:30. The first is the hour (military time), the second is the minute, and the third is the seconds. Lastly, there can actually be fractions of seconds…up to microseconds! .123456. To use fractional seconds though you must specify to MySQL the precision of the TIME or DATETIME when you create it, for example DATETIME(6) would allow microsecond precision. How do you actually give a date to MySQL? By that I mean let's say you have a table with a column of DATETIME(6), and you want to give a value for that column, how do you format it? It's quoted. For example: '2017-02-02 22:54:30.333333' MySQL interprets this as a DATETIME. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 32992 Caleb Curry
Oracle Tutorial for Substr and Instr functions
 
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This video explains how Oracle SubStr and Instr function works
Views: 4388 Ganesh Anbarasu
Basics of jdbc programming Tutorial-11(Retrieving a text file from oracle database)
 
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this video deals with the overall idea of how the jdbc program is connected to the database to retrieve a text file from the database. //Retrieving a text file from the oracle database import java.sql.*; import java.io.*; class Jdbc { public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception { Connection con=null; PreparedStatement pst=null; ResultSet rs=null; try { Class.forName("oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver"); con=DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:oracle:thin:@localhost:1521:xe", "student","shubham123"); if(con!=null) { System.out.println("connection established"); pst=con.prepareStatement("select * from myfile"); } if(pst!=null) { System.out.println("preparedstatement object created"); rs=pst.executeQuery(); rs.next(); Clob c=rs.getClob(1); System.out.println("File Size="+c.length()); Reader r=c.getCharacterStream(); int ch; FileWriter fw=new FileWriter("f://text.txt"); while((ch=r.read())!=-1) fw.write((char)ch); fw.close(); } } catch(SQLException e) { e.printStackTrace(); } catch(ClassNotFoundException e) { e.printStackTrace(); } catch(Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); } finally { pst.close(); con.close(); } } }
Views: 52 Learn it by Fun
Oracle MONTHS_BETWEEN Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-months_between/ The Oracle MONTHS_BETWEEN function allows you to find the number of months between two dates. You can enter two dates and the function returns the difference. This function is often used as part of other calculations. Sometimes you’ll want to know the difference between two dates to perform other functions. The syntax of the MONTHS_BETWEEN function is: MONTHS_BETWEEN(date1, date2) What do these two parameters mean? The function performs date1 minus date2. So, if date1 is larger, the result is positive. If date2 is larger, then the result is negative. What data type is returned? It depends on the values you provide. If the dates are both on the same day of the month (e.g. both on the 10th of the month), then the result is an integer or whole number. If not, then the result will be a decimal value. For more information on the MONTHS_BETWEEN function, including the code used in this video and examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-months_between/
Views: 898 Database Star
Oracle REPLACE Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-replace/ The Oracle REPLACE function is a string manipulation function that allows you to replace one text string with another. It can be a whole word or sentence, or even a single value. The syntax of the REPLACE function is: REPLACE ( whole_string, string_to_replace, [replacement_string]) To use this function, the parameters are: - whole_string (mandatory): This is the string that will be checked for the characters to be replaced. - string_to_replace (mandatory): This is the string that will be searched for within whole_string. - replacement_string (optional): This is the string that will be used to replace occurrences of string_to_replace. Because the last parameter is optional, if it is not specified, then the Oracle REPLACE function removes all occurrences of string_to_replace. You can replace carriage returns with REPLACE, but you’ll need to use the CHR function. You can replace NULL values in Oracle, but this is best done with another function such as NVL, rather than REPLACE. If you want to replace multiple characters, you can do this using nested REPLACE functions or a REGEXP_REPLACE function. For more information about the Oracle REPLACE function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-replace/
Views: 1082 Database Star
SQL Tutorial For Beginners : What is SYS_CONTEXT in Oracle with Example
 
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What is SYS_CONTEXT in Oracle with Example What is SYS_CONTEXT Function? Syntax: SYS_CONTEXT( namespace, parameter [, length] ) SQL Tutorial SQL Tutorial for beginners PLSQL Tutorial PLSQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial for beginners Oracle SQL Tutorial
Views: 313 TechLake
Handling NULL using NVL , NVL2
 
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If a column in a row has no value, then the column is said to be null, or to contain null. Nulls can appear in columns of any datatype that are not restricted by NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY integrity constraints. Use a null when the actual value is not known or when a value would not be meaningful. Oracle Database treats a character value with a length of zero as null. However, do not use null to represent a numeric value of zero, because they are not equivalent. -Nulls in SQL Functions NVL NVL2 NULLIF COALESCE Follow the steps given in video : https://youtu.be/FtZ8RhTbaYM and Learn How to handle NULL using NULL handling Function.
Views: 325 Oracle Tutorial
Oracle TO_NUMBER Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-to_number/ The Oracle TO_NUMBER function is used to convert a text value into a number value. It’s similar to TO_CHAR and TO_DATE, but converts a value to a number. The number will also be rounded to a specified number of digits, and returned as a NUMBER value. The syntax is: TO_NUMBER( input_value, [format_mask], [nls_parameter] ) The input_value is the value to be converted to a number. Commonly this is provided as a string (e.g. CHAR or VARCAHR2) but can be several other data types as well. The format_mask is the format that the output value should be displayed as. It must be a valid number format. This is an optional value. The final parameter, nls_date_language, is used to work out how the output is displayed, such as how to display currency symbols. It’s also an optional value. For more information about the Oracle TO_NUMBER function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-to_number/
Views: 2224 Database Star
SQLPLUS: LineSize & PageSize
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn how to set linesize and pagesize . PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 16952 radhikaravikumar
Create Table with constraint Not Null  in Oracle "انشاء جدول بقيد"
 
16:42
Create table with a not null constraint and show how violation occurs. insure data integrity in the database Show how to get random sample data from http://www.generatedata.com/
Views: 204 Reda El Said
Oracle SQL Tutorial 28 - CHAR Part 2
 
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Now this video is a continuation of the last video. I decided to break the video up into sections so they didn't cover so much information and drag on for 10 minutes. This video we are going to talk about the length of CHAR. Now it is important to remember that CHAR is a fixed-length data type. This means that every row's value for this column is going to have the same length. The length is given to the database by specifying the length in parenthesis, such as CHAR(10). If you give a value shorter than that, it will be padded with spaces. What range is allowed though? The lowest is actually one. The highest is 2000. Now, remember that Oracle allows either the specification of CHAR or BYTE. The limit of 2000 is actually 2000 bytes. What happens if you put 2000 CHAR? Well, Oracle actually lets you do that. What is the problem with this though? The problem is that not all characters are 1 byte. This means that our 2000 CHAR is inaccurate. This will only work with 1 byte characters. This might not seem like a big problem, but it can lead to runtime errors in code that uses our database. A runtime error is when our code runs and in certain circumstances we get an error and others we do not. If we allow a user to insert up to 2000 characters, but they decide to use multibyte characters such as Chinese, we will get an error. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 3500 Caleb Curry
Tutorial#43  SUBSTR function in Oracle SQL Database| How to get substring from String/column
 
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SQL Substr function will return a substring of a specified length from the source string beginning at a given position. or SQL find a character in a string or how to make use of a substr function or what is a substring function in Oracle Assignment link: https://drive.google.com/open?id=1q7WCcP-nb-kdVyRzqWXJE9hnLW2M-EMH In this series we cover the following topics: SQL basics, create table oracle, SQL functions, SQL queries, SQL server, SQL developer installation, Oracle database installation, SQL Statement, OCA, Data Types, Types of data types, SQL Logical Operator, SQL Function,Join- Inner Join, Outer join, right outer join, left outer join, full outer join, self-join, cross join, View, Subquery, Set Operator. follow me on: Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/LrnWthr-319371861902642/?ref=bookmarks Contacts Email: [email protected] Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/equalconnect/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/LrnWthR #SubstrFunction #SubstringFunctionSQL #OracleSubtr
Views: 127 EqualConnect Coach
Strings in PL SQL Tutorial
 
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Subscribe for more PL SQL tutorials https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC7sbHUgN8FnJEZkEjvKTwJg String Function & Purpose 1 ASCII(x); Returns the ASCII value of the character x. 2 CHR(x); Returns the character with the ASCII value of x. 3 CONCAT(x, y); Concatenates the strings x and y and return the appended string. 4 INITCAP(x); Converts the initial letter of each word in x to uppercase and returns that string. 5 INSTR(x, find_string [, start] [, occurrence]); Searches for find_string in x and returns the position at which it occurs. 6 INSTRB(x); Returns the location of a string within another string, but returns the value in bytes. 7 LENGTH(x); Returns the number of characters in x. TUTORIALSPOINT Simply Easy Learning Page 59 8 LENGTHB(x); Returns the length of a character string in bytes for single byte character set. 9 LOWER(x); Converts the letters in x to lowercase and returns that string. 10 LPAD(x, width [, pad_string]) ; Pads x with spaces to left, to bring the total length of the string up to width characters. 11 LTRIM(x [, trim_string]); Trims characters from the left of x. 12 NANVL(x, value); Returns value if x matches the NaN special value (not a number), otherwise x is returned. 13 NLS_INITCAP(x); Same as the INITCAP function except that it can use a different sort method as specified by NLSSORT. 14 NLS_LOWER(x) ; Same as the LOWER function except that it can use a different sort method as specified by NLSSORT. 15 NLS_UPPER(x); Same as the UPPER function except that it can use a different sort method as specified by NLSSORT. 16 NLSSORT(x); Changes the method of sorting the characters. Must be specified before any NLS function; otherwise, the default sort will be used. 17 NVL(x, value); Returns value if x is null; otherwise, x is returned. 18 NVL2(x, value1, value2); Returns value1 if x is not null; if x is null, value2 is returned. 19 REPLACE(x, search_string, replace_string); Searches x for search_string and replaces it with replace_string. 20 RPAD(x, width [, pad_string]); Pads x to the right. 21 RTRIM(x [, trim_string]); Trims x from the right. 22 SOUNDEX(x) ; Returns a string containing the phonetic representation of x. 23 SUBSTR(x, start [, length]); Returns a substring of x that begins at the position specified by start. An optional length for the substring may be supplied. 24 SUBSTRB(x); Same as SUBSTR except the parameters are expressed in bytes instead of characters for the single-byte character systems. 25 TRIM([trim_char FROM) x); Trims characters from the left and right of x. 26 UPPER(x); Converts the letters in x to uppercase and returns that string.
Views: 342 Puzzle Guru
Oracle Database11g tutorials 11: SQL case manipulation function in Oracle Database
 
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Part 2 SQL functions- character function -case manipulation functions Previous Video Link :: http://youtu.be/5rx8Q4x4-qI Tool used in this tutorial is command prompt. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- As discuss in last video we have 3 case manipulation functions. In case you miss the SQL functions intro video you can find the link in the description below. First let's see what these functions are. Upper (): This function takes a parameter converts it into uppercase and returns the new string. Initcap (): this function also takes parameter and converts the initial letter of or parameter into uppercase and returns the new string. Lower (): This function takes a parameter converts it into lowercase and returns the new string. Ok let's do some practical For this practical we will be using 2 tables First is dual table Which is a dummy table provided by oracle? And I have created another table again by the name of example. This will be our second table. Let's start with SQL function upper ( ); SELECT upper('hello world') FROM dual; As you can see I have used "hello world" completely in lowercase as parameter to SQL upper function. Execute it. Here, our result has given us a completely new hello world string which is in uppercase. Similarly you can also use SQL upper function to perform other DML Let's try This time we will work on our second table EXAMPLE; insert into example values (upper('manish')); first parentheses for values and second for SQL function upper. Let's check the result. As you can see here inserted value is in upper case. Lets compare it with simple insert query Insert into example values ('manish'); Execute it, i think now it's clear that when we perform simple insert DML the inserted value will be the same you provide. Similarly let's try SQL function initcap(); SELECT initcap('hello world') FROM dual; As you see here in result the initial letters of string hello world are in uppercase. Let's do the insert query insert into example values (initcap('hello world')); initial letters of string also are in uppercase. Let's try SQL function lower(); This time we have to write our hello world in all caps. SELECT lower('HELLO WORLD') FROM dual; Execute String totally in lower case. Similarly you can user SQL function lower in other DML like insert and all.
Views: 85881 Manish Sharma
SQL tutorial 71: LPAD and RPAD SQL Function By Manish Sharma RebellionRider
 
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Learn the step by step concepts of Lpad and Rpad SQL functions In oracle Database with example By Manish Sharma RebellionRider ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/lpad-and-rpad-sql-functions Previous Tutorial ►Tut 10 SQL Single Row Function https://youtu.be/5rx8Q4x4-qI ►Tut 11 case and character manipulation functions https://youtu.be/243Pqbta7oI ►Tut 12 SQL Concat Function https://youtu.be/De8UvHro5UY ►Tut 13 SQL substr function https://youtu.be/f52uKYyYFoU ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Help Me In Getting A Job◄◄◄ ►Help Me In Getting A Good Job By Connecting With Me on My LinkedIn and Endorsing My Skills. All My Contact Info is Down Below. You Can Also Refer Me To Your Company Thanks ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=kb4rc1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Amazon Wishlist: http://bit.ly/wishlist-amazon ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 20823 Manish Sharma
Oracle SQL MEDIAN Function Examples and Guide
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/median-mean-mode-in-oracle/ In this video, you’ll learn what the term “median” means, and how to generate an Oracle SQL median value. What is median? It’s the middle value in a list of values, after the values have been sorted in ascending order. It’s kind of like an average, but it’s different, as the average finds the total of the values divided by the number of values and will often not be one of the values in the list. Median will usually be the value in the list that is the middle point. So, how can you calculate the median in Oracle SQL? We use a function called MEDIAN. And in this video, I’ll show you how to use the function and see some examples. For more information on the MEDIAN function, including the SQL used in this video, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/median-mean-mode-in-oracle/
Views: 196 Database Star
substr in oracle
 
02:57
Oracle function to extract portion of a string
Views: 632 Kunal Thaker
Oracle 12c New Feature On Delete Cascade
 
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oracle 12c new features for developers Oracle 12c New Feature On Delete Cascade
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SQL 12c Tutorial 10  : SQL Single Row Character Functions
 
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SQL 12c Tutorial 10 : SQL Single Row Character Functions SQL 12c Tutorial for beginners Oracle SQL 12c Tutorial Case Conversion Functions UPPER LOWER INITCAP Character Manipulation functions CONCAT LENGTH SUBSTR INSTR REPLACE TRANSLATE TRIM LTRIM RTRIM LPAD RPAD
Views: 211 TechLake
Sql Training Online - Sql Length Function
 
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Learn about the Length function in the SQL Language. Visit http://www.SqlTrainingOnline.com for 30 more FREE videos.
Views: 5589 Joey Blue
Using LENGTH function
 
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Using LENGTH function
Administration de base de données Oracle - 25 - Les fonctions INTSTR et LENGTH
 
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Dans cette vidéo, découvrons les fonctions INTSTR et LENGTH...
Views: 2919 LES TEACHERS DU NET
concatination operator with select statement Oracle
 
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Oracle / PLSQL: CONCAT Function Description. The Oracle/PLSQL CONCAT function allows you to concatenate two strings together. Syntax. The syntax for the CONCAT function in Oracle/PLSQL is: CONCAT( string1, string2 ) ... Note. See also the || operator. Returns. The CONCAT function returns a string value. Applies To. ... Example. ... Frequently Asked Questions. Oracle Database11g tutorials 6 | | How to use Concatenation operator, character String How to use concatenation operator for combining the output of two or more columns and how to use literal character string This ... Oracle Database11g tutorials 12 || SQL Concat Function - SQL character manipulation function Link for SQL concat function: http://www.rebellionrider.com/SQL-concat-function.htm SQL Concat function/SQL concat() function ... CC CONCAT & PIPE "||" Operators in Oracle | Oracle Tutorials for Beginners Oracle PL/SQL World CONCAT & PIPE "||" Operators in Oracle | Oracle Tutorials for Beginners Oracle Tutorials for Beginners CONCAT Operators in ... SELECT Statement: Concatenation - Oracle PL Programming Languages • Concatenation The usage of SELECT: Sql Training Online - Sql Concatenate • Learn about the Concatenate function in the SQL Language. Visit for 30 more FREE videos. 10:37 Oracle SQL Video Tutorial 5 : Concatenation Operator Just Channel • Oracle SQL Video Tutorials 5 : Concantenation Operator. oracle concat multiple strings concatenate in oracle sql developer concatenation operator in sql server oracle concatenate columns with space oracle concatenate string and number oracle concatenate rows concatenate in oracle sql query
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SQL Tutorial - 33: ABS() Function
 
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In this tutorial we'll check out the ABS() function that returns the absolute value of a number.
Views: 27963 The Bad Tutorials
Using Select Statement (5) and Upper,Lower,Trim,Ltrim,Rtrim,Lpad,Rpad,InitCap
 
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Beginner lessen for Oracle statement with Single row function
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SQL : INSTR function
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn how to make use of Instr function...
Views: 18939 radhikaravikumar
Oracle Database Tutorial 7: The "Like" Operator In Sql
 
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The LIKE operator is used in a WHERE clause to search for a specified pattern in a column. There are two wildcards used in conjunction with the LIKE operator: % - The percent sign represents zero, one, or multiple characters _ - The underscore represents a single character Note: MS Access uses a question mark (?) instead of the underscore (_). The percent sign and the underscore can also be used in combinations! LIKE Syntax SELECT column1, column2, ... FROM table_name WHERE columnN LIKE pattern; Tip: You can also combine any number of conditions using AND or OR operators. Here are some examples showing different LIKE operators with '%' and '_' wildcards: LIKE Operator Description WHERE CustomerName LIKE 'a%' Finds any values that starts with "a" WHERE CustomerName LIKE '%a' Finds any values that ends with "a" WHERE CustomerName LIKE '%or%' Finds any values that have "or" in any position WHERE CustomerName LIKE '_r%' Finds any values that have "r" in the second position WHERE CustomerName LIKE 'a_%_%' Finds any values that starts with "a" and are at least 3 characters in length WHERE ContactName LIKE 'a%o' Finds any values that starts with "a" and ends with "o" sql like wildcard sql like multiple values sql like pattern like query in mysql sql like regex sql not like in operator in sql sql like escape 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Next
SQL String Functions PART  -- 2
 
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sql String functions are used in computer programming languages to manipulate a string or query information about a string (some do both). ... The most basic example of a string function is the length(string) function. This function returns the length of a string literal.Scalar-valued UDFs are an easy way to define constant values to use in your database environment. You can pass field values as parameters into UDFs. You can nest scalar function calls. This means that you can pass a call to a scalar-valued function to another function or stored procedure.Numeric functions perform manipulation of numbers that normally are contained in a table column. ... Returns a numeric value, rounded to the specified length or precision. SIGN() SQL server, MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL. Returns the positive (+1), zero (0), or negative (-1) sign of a numeric expression.A stored function (also called a user function or user-defined function) is a set of PL/SQL statements you can call by name. Stored functions are very similar to procedures, except that a function returns a value to the environment in which it is called. User functions can be used as part of a SQL expression.Function must return a value but in Stored Procedure it is optional( Procedure can return zero or n values). Functions can have only input parameters for it whereas Procedures can have input/output parameters . ... Functions can be called from Procedure whereas Procedures cannot be called from Function,The CTE was introduced into standard SQL in order to simplify various classes of SQL Queries for which a derived table just wasn't suitable. ... Introduced in SQL Server 2005, the common table expression (CTE) is a temporary named result set that you can reference within a SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE statement.The isDate(string, string) function accepts two string arguments. It takes them, compares the first argument with the second as a pattern and, if the first string can be converted to a date which is valid within system value of locale , according to the specified pattern , the function returns true.printf does the same, treating %s as a pointer-to-string. In C, variables that are arrays become a pointer to the first element of the array when used as function arguments -- so your scanf() sees a pointer to memory (assuming "str1" is an array). SQL - Useful Functions SQL COUNT Function - The SQL COUNT aggregate function is used to count the number of rows in a database table. SQL MAX Function - The SQL MAX aggregate function allows us to select the highest (maximum) value for a certain column. More items... SQL has many built-in functions for performing processing on string or numeric data. Following is the list of all useful SQL built-in functions − SQL COUNT Function - The SQL COUNT aggregate function is used to count the number of rows in a database table. SQL MAX Function - The SQL MAX aggregate function allows us to select the highest (maximum) value for a certain column. SQL MIN Function - The SQL MIN aggregate function allows us to select the lowest (minimum) value for a certain column. SQL - The SQL AVG aggregate function selects the average value for certain table column. SQL SUM Function - The SQL SUM aggregate function allows selecting the total for a numeric column. SQL SQRT Functions - This is used to generate a square root of a given number. SQL RAND Function - This is used to generate a random number using SQL command. SQL CONCAT Function - This is used to concatenate any string inside any SQL command. SQL Numeric Functions - Complete list of SQL functions required to manipulate numbers in SQL. SQL String Functions - Complete list of SQL functions required to manipulate strings in SQL. Returns a Unicode string with the delimiters added to make the input string a valid SQL Server delimited identifier. REPLACE. Replaces a sequence of characters in a string with another set of characters. REPLICATE. Repeats a string value a specified number of times.SQL. Character Functions with Examples. Character functions accept character inputs and can return either characters or number values as output. SQL provides a number of different character datatypes which includes – CHAR, VARCHAR, VARCHAR2, LONG, RAW, and LONG RAW.Aggregate Functions: Aggregates the values and return a single value, below is the list of some aggregate values in sql server. These functions are created by user in the system database, and we have 3 types of user define functions: Scalar Function. Inline Table-Valued Function.
Views: 24 Technology mart
SQL FUNCTIONS:  CONCAT
 
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The Best Site to Learn SQL Online
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Using Select (6) and Decode,NVL,ROUND,TRUNC,MONTHS_Between,SubStr,Instr
 
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Beginner lessen for Oracle statement with Single row function
Views: 1567 Harith Jawad
24 SQL with Oracle 10g XE Using the UPPER and LOWER Functions
 
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24 SQL with Oracle 10g XE Using the UPPER and LOWER Functions
Views: 31 Cambo Movies
Session6 Data type in Oracle
 
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Session 6: Datatypes In Oracle   ALPHABET           : A-Z , a-z NUMBER              : 0-9 (with precision and scale) DATE / Temporal  : any Date and time (Hours, Minutes, Seconds, Mili-seconds, Timestamp, Timezone etc)   Alphabet + Number = Alphanumeric Data                                     = String / CHARACTER Datatype Category Number                    =  Numeric Datatype Category Date                         = Date Datatype Category 1. CHARACTER Datatype: CHAR, VARCHAR, NCHAR: CHAR is fixed length datatype and VARCHAR is Variable length datatype to store character data. i.e. A-Z , a-z , 0-9 , all keyboard characters etc. The default size is 1 character and it can store maximum up to 2000 bytes. Example : EName, EmpID, PassportNo, SSN, etc. EName CHAR(10) := ‘TOM’; wastage of 7 space after the string EName VARCHAR(10) := ‘TOM’; Spaces can be Reuse which left after the string NCHAR additionally handles NLS(National Language Support). Oracle supports a reliable Unicode datatype through NCHAR , NVARCHAR2 , and NCLOB  VARCHAR2, NVARCHAR2: These are Variable length datatype. VARCHAR2 handles alphanumeric character string whereas NVARCHAR2 handles alphanumeric character string with NLS(National Language Support). The default size is 1 character and it can store maximum up to 4000 bytes.   LONG:  Variable length string.  (Maximum size: 2 GB - 1) Only one LONG column is allowed per table. RAW:    Variable length binary string (Maximum size 2000 bytes) LONG RAW: Variable length binary string (Maximum size 2GB) 2. NUMERIC Datatype: NUMBER: It stores Numeric values and performs numeric calculations. NUMBER,   NUMBER(n),   NUMBER(p,s) It stores Numbers up to 38 digits of precision. SeqNo NUMBER;                     1, 123, 12345678 EmpID NUMBER(4);                 1, 123, 1234 Sal NUMBER(7,2);                     23456.78 , 123.45 — correction in video: Sal NUMBER(a7,2); which is wrong please ignore. 1234567 can be a type of NUMBER, NUMBER(7), NUMBER(7,0) It can store both integer and floating point numbers NUMERIC(p,s) FLOAT:   Ex:  EmpSal FLOAT;    FLOAT(7)       Decimal Points allowed DEC(p,s), DECIMAL(p,s) , REAL, DOUBLE PRECISION INTEGER:   Ex:  SSN INTEGER;       Decimal Points are not allowed INT, SMALLINT 3. DATE Datatype: DATE: It stores DATE(Date, Month, Year) and Time(Hour, Minute, Second, AM/PM) and performs calculations with such data. Default DATE format in Oracle is “DD-MON-YY” Based on "Gregorian calendar" where the date ranges from “JAN 1 4712 BC” to “DEC 31 9999 AD” doj DATE;    “18-MAR-2010 12:30:00 PM” TIMESTAMP:    It can store all parameters as DATE datatype and additionally it can have “Fraction of seconds” and TIMESTAMP WITH TIMEZONE / TIMESTAMP WITHOUT TIMEZONE. Range from 0-9 digits, the default size is 6. 4. LOB Datatype: LOB: “Large Object” data. It can store pictures, motion pictures, Textfiles etc. CLOB: “Character Large Object” is used to store structured information like a text file with a specific file format. BLOB: “Binary Large Object” is used to store Un-structured information like Image, JPEG files, MPEG files etc. BFILE: “Binary File” is used to store the pointer to a specific file / Just store the location of a file. Maximum size: (4 GB - 1) * DB_BLOCK_SIZE initialization parameter (8 TB to 128 TB) Extra Information: NCLOB : It supports all the character set supported by CLOB and additionally it handles NLS(National Language Support ) Maximum size: (4 GB - 1) * DB_BLOCK_SIZE initialization parameter (8 TB to 128 TB) ROWID and UROWID(optional size) Datatype: contains fixed length Binary data. BBBBBBB.RRRR.FFFFF combination of BLOCK-ROW-DATABASE FILE Physical and Logical ROWID Upcoming Session: Session 7: Populating Data into Tables(INSERT Statement): Inserting data into all columns of a table Inserting data into Required columns of a table Inserting NULL value into a table Inserting Special Values(USER / SYSDATE) into a table Supplying data at runtime(using & and &&) THANK YOU :)
Views: 115 Prabhat Sahu
Java Programming - java.lang.NullPointerException
 
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Java Programming - java.lang.NullPointerException troubleshooting. Reference article & Java source: http://javaeesupportpatterns.blogspot.com/2012/01/javalangnullpointerexception-how-to.html
Oracle translate
 
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The is a video about using Translate function in Oracle, problem and solution and an utility function which can be used in DML statements effectively.
Views: 794 Mohan Ramaswamy
SQL: TRIM function
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn how to use trim function PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 2787 radhikaravikumar
SQL 36, trunc function
 
02:36
What you can do with trunc function in SQL
Views: 3966 hammadshams
How to use LPAD,RPAD function in Oracle Sql
 
04:48
How to use LPAD,RPAD function in Oracle Sql
Views: 587 Tanmun
Date Functions (Introduction to Oracle SQL)
 
05:48
Learn what date functions are and see some examples of them. The full Introduction to Oracle SQL course is available here: https://www.databasestar.com/introduction-to-oracle-sql-course/
Views: 244 Database Star
Introduccion al lenguaje SQL - Las funciones LOWER, UPPER, INITCAP, CONCAT y LENGTH (21)
 
03:07
Continuamos viendo las funciones mas importantes que nos ofrecen las bases de datos oracle. Hoy nos toca ver las funciones LOWER, UPPER, INITCAP, CONCAT y LENGTH. Si sos amante de las base de datos Oracle, no dejes de suscribirte en nuestro sitio oficial: http://comunidadoraclehispana.ning.com
Views: 1159 Asteriscoo Mas

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