Most ants are merely a nuisance; they crawl on you outside or they try to sneak a chip at your picnic. All in all though, they seem pretty harmless. You may even have fond childhood memories singing, 'The ants go marching two by two', but, don't let these particular ants fool you- they're no joke. Army ants are more like pillaging hordes of invading barbarians rather than the sweet creatures you saw in Pixar's A Bugs Life. The classification 'army ant' is actually a general term that refers to any of about 18 genera (plural of genus) of ant that exhibit extremely aggressive nomadic behaviors and indiscriminately kill by overwhelming prey with their massive numbers. They're also known as 'driving ants', 'legionary ants', or 'visiting ants' because they 'visit' but don't stay; they pass through an area like a swarm of locusts and wipe out anything in their path. There are about 12 thousand identified species of ant, but only about 200 are considered 'army ants'. While ants are ubiquitous, army ants only exist in hot and humid environments. They're commonly found in the southern U.S., Central and Southern America, as well as Africa and Asia, however, not all army ants are created equal. U.S. army ants, while being equally successful search and destroy drones as their African and Asian cousins, are not nearly as aggressive. In the U.S., if your house was in their path you wouldn't have to worry about your chickens or small livestock, but some African and Asian species have been known to 'take no prisoners' and dismember livestock. Army ants differ from 'typical' ants in that they have much more developed mandibles. These massive jaws aren't for chewing though; they're for battle, as well as dismemberment of prey for easy transport back to the nest. What's disturbing is that, as these army ants attack their prey, they secrete an enzyme that breaks down the tissue for easier quartering but, all of this happens while the prey is still alive! Interestingly, army ants are totally blind; they can only sense light intensity, but not discern anything in front of them. Because of this, they rely on a form of chemical communication called pheromones, which they taste and/or smell with their antennae. Ants use about 10-20 different pheromone cues to communicate with their colony as well as discern friend from foe. Some beetles, wasps, and millipedes are actually able to produce a chemical that mimics the army ant pheromone scent. This way they can actually cloak themselves from army ant 'radar' and avoid being eaten. Most ant species are solitary hunters and gatherers. They strike out on their own and, when food is found, they release a 'dinner bell'-like pheromone to which the nest responds. This is why that one lonely ant at your picnic seems to multiply into a hundred in no time flat. Army ants aren't nearly as covert about gathering food though. Army ant hunting groups, called swarm raids or column raids, can be 200,000-20 million ants strong, fanning out into a 15-110 yard wide swath of voracious killers. These raids aren't random though- they fall into a carefully organized cycle based on the hatching and growth cycle of the young. Empire of the Ants BBC Documentary #Ants #Documentary
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In 2006, the International Astronomical Union, a global group of astronomy experts, established a definition of a planet that required it to "clear" its orbit, or in other words, be the largest gravitational force in its orbit. Since Neptune's gravity influences its neighboring planet Pluto, and Pluto shares its orbit with frozen gases and objects in the Kuiper belt, that meant Pluto was out of planet status. However, in a new study published online Wednesday in the journal Icarus, UCF planetary scientist Philip Metzger, who is with the university's Florida Space Institute, reported that this standard for classifying planets is not supported in the research literature. Metzger, who is lead author on the study, reviewed scientific literature from the past 200 years and found only one publication -- from 1802 -- that used the clearing-orbit requirement to classify planets, and it was based on since-disproven reasoning. He said moons such as Saturn's Titan and Jupiter's Europa have been routinely called planets by planetary scientists since the time of Galileo. "The IAU definition would say that the fundamental object of planetary science, the planet, is supposed to be a defined on the basis of a concept that nobody uses in their research," Metzger said. "And it would leave out the second-most complex, interesting planet in our solar system." "We now have a list of well over 100 recent examples of planetary scientists using the word planet in a way that violates the IAU definition, but they are doing it because it's functionally useful," he said. "It's a sloppy definition," Metzger said of the IAU's definition. "They didn't say what they meant by clearing their orbit. If you take that literally, then there are no planets, because no planet clears its orbit." The planetary scientist said that the literature review showed that the real division between planets and other celestial bodies, such as asteroids, occurred in the early 1950s when Gerard Kuiper published a paper that made the distinction based on how they were formed. However, even this reason is no longer considered a factor that determines if a celestial body is a planet, Metzger said. Study co-author Kirby Runyon, with Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, Maryland, said the IAU's definition was erroneous since the literature review showed that clearing orbit is not a standard that is used for distinguishing asteroids from planets, as the IAU claimed when crafting the 2006 definition of planets. "We showed that this is a false historical claim," Runyon said. "It is therefore fallacious to apply the same reasoning to Pluto," he said. Metzger said that the definition of a planet should be based on its intrinsic properties, rather than ones that can change, such as the dynamics of a planet's orbit. "Dynamics are not constant, they are constantly changing," Metzger said. "So, they are not the fundamental description of a body, they are just the occupation of a body at a current era." Instead, Metzger recommends classifying a planet based on if it is large enough that its gravity allows it to become spherical in shape. "And that's not just an arbitrary definition, Metzger said. "It turns out this is an important milestone in the evolution of a planetary body, because apparently when it happens, it initiates active geology in the body." Pluto, for instance, has an underground ocean, a multilayer atmosphere, organic compounds, evidence of ancient lakes and multiple moons, he said. "It's more dynamic and alive than Mars," Metzger said. "The only planet that has more complex geology is the Earth."
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Known as the "Oracle of Omaha," Buffett is one of the most successful investors of all time. His Berkshire Hathaway owns more than 60 companies, including Geico, Duracell and Dairy Queen. The son of a U.S. congressman, he first bought stock at age 11 and first filed taxes at age 13. He has committed to giving more than 99% of his fortune to charity. So far he has given $28.5 billion. With friend Bill Gates, he launched The Giving Pledge, asking billionaires to donate their wealth. ♪♪
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To a father growing old nothing is dearer than a daughter. Film based on true story. Subscribe for more videos
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The Sun is a yellow dwarf star, a hot ball of glowing gases at the heart of our solar system. Its gravity holds the solar system together, keeping everything – from the biggest planets to the smallest particles of debris – in its orbit. The connection and interactions between the Sun and Earth drive the seasons, ocean currents, weather, climate, radiation belts and auroras. Though it is special to us, there are billions of stars like our Sun scattered across the Milky Way galaxy. The Sun has many names in many cultures. The Latin word for Sun is “sol,” which is the main adjective for all things Sun-related: solar. Size and Distance With a radius of 432,168.6 miles (695,508 kilometers), our Sun is not an especially large star—many are several times bigger—but it is still far more massive than our home planet: 332,946 Earths match the mass of the Sun. The Sun’s volume would need 1.3 million Earths to fill it. The Sun is 93 million miles (150 million kilometers) from Earth. Its nearest stellar neighbor is the Alpha Centauri triple star system: Proxima Centauri is 4.24 light years away, and Alpha Centauri A and B—two stars orbiting each other—are 4.37 light years away. A light year is the distance light travels in one year, which is equal to 5,878,499,810,000 miles or 9,460,528,400,000 kilometers. Orbit and Rotation The Sun, and everything that orbits it, is located in the Milky Way galaxy. More specifically, our Sun is in a spiral arm called the Orion Spur that extends outward from the Sagittarius arm. From there, the Sun orbits the center of the Milky Way Galaxy, bringing the planets, asteroids, comets and other objects along with it. Our solar system is moving with an average velocity of 450,000 miles per hour (720,000 kilometers per hour). But even at this speed, it takes us about 230 million years to make one complete orbit around the Milky Way. The Sun rotates as it orbits the center of the Milky Way. Its spin has an axial tilt of 7.25 degrees with respect to the plane of the planets’ orbits. Since the Sun is not a solid body, different parts of the Sun rotate at different rates. At the equator, the Sun spins around once about every 25 days, but at its poles the Sun rotates once on its axis every 36 Earth days.
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Top 10 Tips to Boost Your Brain Performance by TopTruths Go to https://goo.gl/imbpfe for more Interesting Videos Official TopTruths Channel: https://goo.gl/imbpfe How many of you spare some minutes to think about your brain? The one organ that coordinates our body functions? For long, it had been believed that we are stuck with the brain we have got. However, with new researches, it has been proven that we can actually improve the performance of our brain, which not only enhances our reasoning and problem solving skills but also keeps away ailments such as dementia and Alzheimer’s. The tips here are free and effective, which could be employed by anyone. These are 10 of the best tips to boost your brain function. 10. Social Connection 9. Be Ambidextrous 8. Listen to Music 7. Meditation 6. Sleep 5. Puzzles and Brain Games 4. Exercise 3. Good Eating Habits 2. Learn a Music Instrument 1. Lear a New Language * Subscribe for more Scientific & Technological Videos * Like & Share * go to our website http://www.advexon.tv * Share your ideas and comment
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The white lion is a rare species from the Timbavati region of South Africa. It is seen by African elders as “the most sacred animal on the African continent,” according to the African Conservation Foundation. Captured and hunted, the majority of surviving white lions have been living in captivity. Successful efforts have been made to reintroduce them to their endemic habitat. Habitat When Europeans encountered white lions in the Timbavati region of South Africa in the 1970s, they immediately saw their value and began to hunt them and take them captive. Zoos and captive breeding operations exploited these unusual creatures for their own gain. Because of these captures, targeted lion culling and trophy hunting the white lion was virtually wiped out of their natural habitat. According to the Global White Lion Protection Trust website, this led to “a 12-year technical extinction in the wild." Life in the Zoo There are an estimated 500 white lions in the world living in captivity. Some scientists and zoos have claimed that white lions cannot survive in the wild because of their lack of a camouflage coat. However, this has been proved wrong. When reintroducing white lions to their endemic habitat, the Timbavati region, researchers observed the lions hunting on their own within eight weeks of their reintroduction. Threats to their Habitat The Timbavati Private Nature Reserve continues to allow trophy hunting of lions on its grounds and does not offer protection for any of the lion species. In order to protect the lions and return them to their endemic habitat, the Global White Lion Protection Trust has established a conservancy in the Timbavati region so the lions can live protected. Returning to Endemic Habitat The White Lion Reintroduction Project was started by the Global White Lion Protect Trust in an effort to reintroduce white lions to their endemic habitat. In 2006 four white lions were released into the natural habitat, and scientists have been monitoring their progress. More white lions have been introduced to strengthen the existing pride and cubs have been born and continue to survive. Protecting the White Lion There are no laws protecting the white lion despite the mass movement to capture, hunt and exploit this rare species. They are gravely in need of protection, especially during this time of rebuilding their population in their endemic habitat. Thanks for watching Make sure to subscribe and leave a comment below.https://youtu.be/hiTHB2RtC3c
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It was the story that gripped the world: 12 boys from a Thai soccer team and their coach were trapped in a flooded cave so deep underground rescue was almost impossible. Then, as the world waited along with the boys' anxious families, a brave yet difficult plan was hatched to bring the members of the Wild Boars team out alive. It would take skilled divers from countries including Australia and even then success was not guaranteed. Days were needed to bring out the boys and there was no guarantee all of them would make it out alive. Graphics and maps were produced of how the boys dressed in wetsuits and flippers would swim in a buddy system tethered to expert divers up and down the treacherous subterranean labyrinth to the surface. The boys' parents were told their sons would be swimming to safety and in the global joy which erupted after the last of the boys surfaced safe and alive, no-one questioned the method of their extraction. But ABC Australia Southeast Asia correspondent Liam Cochrane says in his new book, The Cave, the boys were in fact drugged with ketamine and handcuffed on their journey out of the cave. It was revealed during the rescue that the boys were mildly sedated to stop them panicking during the rescue, but the truth is more complex. The boys received far stronger drugs, and they were handcuffed behind their backs to stop them ripping off their face mask should they wake up. "To calm nerves, the parents were told the boys were being taught how to dive and the media reported that each of them would be tethered to an air hose and then swim out with one rescue diver in front and another behind," Cochrane writes in his book.
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Scientists believe that deep down inside the Earth, there’s a huge ball of liquid and solid iron. This is the Earth’s core, and it protects us from the dangerous radiation of space. When the Earth first formed, 4.6 billion years ago, it was a hot ball of molten rock and metal. And since it was mostly liquid, heavier elements like iron and nickel were able to sink down into the planet and accumulate at the core. The core is believed to have two parts: a solid inner core, with a radius of 1,220 km, and then a liquid outer core that extends to a radius of 3,400 km. The core is thought to be 80% iron, as well as nickel and other dense elements like gold, platinum, and uranium. The inner core is solid, but the outer core is a hot liquid. Scientists think that movements of metal, like currents in the oceans, create the magnetic field that surrounds the Earth. This magnetic field extends out from the Earth for thousands of kilometers, and redirects the solar wind blowing from the Sun. Without this magnetic field, the solar wind would blow away the lightest parts of our atmosphere, and make our environment more like cold, dead Mars. Although the Earth’s crust is cool, the inside of the Earth is hot. The mantle is only about 30 km beneath our feet, and it’s hot enough to melt rock. At the core of the Earth, temperatures are thought to rise to 3,000 to 5,000 Kelvin. Since the core is thousands of kilometers beneath our feet, how can scientists know anything about it? One way is to just calculate. The average density of the Earth is 5.5 grams per cubic cm. The Earth’s surface is made of less dense materials, so the inside must have something much denser than rock. The second part is through seismology. When earthquakes rock the surface of the Earth, the planet rings like a bell, and the shockwaves pass through the center of the Earth. Monitoring stations around the planet detect how the waves bounce, and scientists are able to use this to probe the interior of the Earth.
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APOLLO'S DARING MISSION NOVA Documentary The lunar landing site was the Taurus-Littrow highlands and valley area. This site was picked for Apollo 17 as a location where rocks both older and younger than those previously returned from other Apollo missions, as well as from Luna 16 and 20 missions, might be found. The mission was the final in a series of three J-type missions planned for the Apollo Program. These J-type missions can be distinguished from previous G- and H-series missions by extended hardware capability, larger scientific payload capacity and by the use of the battery-powered Lunar Roving Vehicle, or LRV. Scientific objectives of the Apollo 17 mission included, geological surveying and sampling of materials and surface features in a preselected area of the Taurus-Littrow region; deploying and activating surface experiments; and conducting in-flight experiments and photographic tasks during lunar orbit and transearth coast. These objectives included deployed experiments, such as the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package, or ALSEP, with a heat flow experiment; lunar seismic profiling, or LSP; lunar surface gravimeter, or LSG; lunar atmospheric composition experiment, or LACE; and lunar ejecta and meteorites, or LEAM. The mission also included lunar sampling and lunar orbital experiments. Biomedical experiments included the Biostack II experiment and the BIOCORE experiment. Mission Highlights At 9:15:29 a.m. GMT Dec. 7, 1972, the command and service module, or CSM, was separated from the S-IVB. Approximately 15 min later, the CSM docked with the lunar module, or LM. After CSM/LM extraction from the S-IVB, the S-IVB was targeted for lunar impact, which occurred Dec. 10, at 8:32:43 p.m. The impact location was approximately 84 nautical miles northwest of the planned target point and the event was recorded by the passive seismic experiments deployed on the Apollos 12, 14, 15 and 16 missions. Only one of the four planned midcourse corrections was required during translunar coast. A midcourse correction made at 5:03 p.m. Dec. 8, was a 1.6 second service propulsion system burn resulting in a 10 :5 feet second velocity change. Lunar orbit insertion was accomplished at 7:47:23 p.m. Dec. 10, placing the spacecraft into a lunar orbit of 170 by 52.6 nautical miles. Approximately four hours, 20 minutes later, the orbit was reduced to 59 by 15 nautical miles. The spacecraft remained in this low orbit for more than 18 hours, during which time the CSM LM undocking and separation were performed. The CSM circularization maneuver was performed at 6:50:29 p.m. Dec. 11, which placed the CSM into an orbit of 70.3 by 54.3 nautical miles. At 2:35 p.m. Dec. 11, the commander and lunar module pilot entered the LM to prepare for descent to the lunar surface. At 6:55:42 p.m. Dec. 11, the LM was placed into an orbit with a perilune altitude of 6.2 nautical miles. Approximately 47 minutes later, the powered descent to the lunar surface began. Landing occurred at 7:54:57 p.m. Dec. 11, at lunar latitude 20 degrees, 10 minutes north, and longitude 30 degrees 46 minutes east. Apollo 17 was the last lunar landing mission. Three extravehicular activities, or EVAs, lasted a total of 22 hours, four minutes on the lunar surface. EVA No. 1 began at 11:54:49 p.m. Dec. 11, with Eugene Cernan egressing at 12:01 a.m. Dec. 12. The first EVA was seven hours, 12 minutes long and was completed at 7:06:42 a.m. Dec. 12. The second EVA began at 11:28:06 p.m. Dec. 12, and lasted seven hours, 37 minutes, ending at at 7:05:02 a.m. Dec. 13. The final EVA began at 10:25:48 p.m. Dec. 13, and ended at 5:40:56 a.m. Dec. 14. #apollo #space #documentary
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Traditional Big Bang theory posits that our universe began with a singularity — a point of infinite density and temperature whose nature is difficult for our minds to grasp. However, this may not accurately reflect reality, researchers say, because the singularity idea is based on Einstein's theory of general relativity. "The problem is, there's no reason whatsoever to believe general relativity in that regime," said Sean Carroll, a theoretical physicist at Caltech. "It's going to be wrong because it doesn't take into account quantum mechanics. And quantum mechanics is certainly going to be important once you get to that place in the history of the universe." So the very beginning of the universe remains pretty murky. Scientists think they can pick the story up at about 10 to the minus 36 seconds — one trillionth of a trillionth of a second — after the Big Bang. At that point, they believe, the universe underwent an extremely brief and dramatic period of inflation, expanding faster than the speed of light. It doubled in size perhaps 100 times or more, all within the span of a few tiny fractions of a second. [The Big Bang to Now in 10 Easy Steps] (Inflation may seem to violate the theory of special relativity, but that's not the case, scientists say. Special relativity holds that no information or matter can be carried between two points in space faster than the speed of light. But inflation was an expansion of space itself.) "Inflation was the 'bang' of the Big Bang," Filippenko told SPACE.com "Before inflation, there was just a little bit of stuff, quite possibly, expanding just a little bit. We needed something like inflation to make the universe big." This rapidly expanding universe was pretty much empty of matter, but it harbored huge amounts of dark energy, the theory goes. Dark energy is the mysterious force that scientists think is driving the universe's current accelerating expansion. During inflation, dark energy made the universe smooth out and accelerate. But it didn't stick around for long. "It was just temporary dark energy," Carroll told SPACE.com. "It converted into ordinary matter and radiation through a process called reheating. The universe went from being cold during inflation to being hot again when all the dark energy went away." Scientists don't know what might have spurred inflation. That remains one of the key questions in Big Bang cosmology, Filippenko said.
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Since the beginning of civilization, humanity has wondered whether we are alone in the universe. As NASA has explored our solar system and beyond, it has developed increasingly sophisticated tools to address this fundamental question. Within our solar system, NASA’s missions have searched for signs of both ancient and current life, especially on Mars and soon, Jupiter’s moon Europa. Beyond our solar system, missions, such as Kepler and TESS, are revealing thousands of planets orbiting other stars. The explosion of knowledge of planets orbiting other stars, called exoplanets, and the results of decades of research on signatures of life - what scientists call biosignatures - have encouraged NASA to address, in a scientifically rigorous way, whether humanity is alone. Beyond searching for evidence of just microbial life, NASA now is exploring ways to search for life advanced enough to create technology. Technosignatures are signs or signals, which if observed, would allow us to infer the existence of technological life elsewhere in the universe. The best-known techno-signature are radio signals, but there are many others that have not been explored fully. In April 2018, new interest arose in Congress for NASA to begin supporting the scientific search for technosignatures as part of the agency’s search for life. As part of that effort, the agency is hosting the NASA Technosignatures Workshop in Houston on Sept. 26-28, 2018, with the purpose of assessing the current state of the field, the most promising avenues of research in technosignatures and where investments could be made to advance the science. A major goal is to identify how NASA could best support this endeavor through partnerships with private and philanthropic organizations. What are Technosignatures? The term technosignatures has a broader meaning than the historically used “search for extraterrestrial intelligence,” or SETI, which has generally been limited to communication signals. Technosignatures like radio or laser emissions, signs of massive structures or an atmosphere full of pollutants could imply intelligence. In recent decades, the private and philanthropic sectors have carried out this research. They have used such methods as searching for patterns in low-band radio frequencies using radio telescopes. Indeed, humanity's own radio and television broadcasts have been drifting into space for a number of years. NASA’s SETI program was ended in 1993 after Congress, operating under a budget deficit and decreased political support canceled funding for a high-resolution microwave survey of the skies. Since then, NASA’s efforts have been directed towards furthering our fundamental understanding of life itself, its origins and the habitability of other bodies in our solar system and galaxy. Where are all the aliens? Our Sun is just one star among billions in our galaxy. In the last few years, scientists have detected thousands of planets around other stars and it seems that most stars have planetary systems. It’s therefore likely that there will be large numbers of habitable planets in the Milky Way galaxy and beyond that are capable of supporting intelligent life. Some of these intelligent civilizations, if they’re out there, may have even developed interstellar travel. #space #documentary #arewealone Thanks for watching Make sure to subscribe and leave a comment below.
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Scientists have long used mathematics to describe the physical properties of the universe. But what if the universe itself is math? That's what cosmologist Max Tegmark believes. In Tegmark's view, everything in the universe — humans included — is part of a mathematical structure. All matter is made up of particles, which have properties such as charge and spin, but these properties are purely mathematical, he says. And space itself has properties such as dimensions, but is still ultimately a mathematical structure. "If you accept the idea that both space itself, and all the stuff in space, have no properties at all except mathematical properties," then the idea that everything is mathematical "starts to sound a little bit less insane," Tegmark said in a talk given Jan. 15 here at The Bell House. The talk was based on his book "Our Mathematical Universe: My Quest for the Ultimate Nature of Reality" Nature is full of math The idea follows the observation that nature is full of patterns, such as the Fibonacci sequence, a series of numbers in which each number is the sum of the previous two numbers. The flowering of an artichoke follows this sequence, for example, with the distance between each petal and the next matching the ratio of the numbers in the sequence. The nonliving worldalso behaves in a mathematical way. If you throw a baseball in the air, it follows a roughly parabolic trajectory. Planets and other astrophysical bodies follow elliptical orbits. "There's an elegant simplicity and beauty in nature revealed by mathematical patterns and shapes, which our minds have been able to figure out," said Tegmark, who loves math so much he has framed pictures of famous equations in his living room. One consequence of the mathematical nature of the universe is that scientists could in theory predict every observation or measurement in physics. Tegmark pointed out that mathematics predicted the existence of the planet Neptune, radio waves and the Higgs boson particle thought to explain how other particles get their mass. Some people argue that math is just a tool invented by scientists to explain the natural world. But Tegmark contends the mathematical structure found in the natural world shows that math exists in reality, not just in the human mind. And speaking of the human mind, could we use math to explain the brain? Mathematics of consciousness Some have described the human brain as the most complex structure in the universe. Indeed, the human mind has made possible all of the great leaps in understanding our world. Someday, Tegmark said, scientists will probably be able to describe even consciousness using math. (Carl Sagan is quoted as having said, "the brain is a very big place, in a very small space.") "Consciousness is probably the way information feels when it's being processed in certain, very complicated ways," Tegmark said. He pointed out that many great breakthroughs in physics have involved unifying two things once thought to be separate: energy and matter, space and time, electricity and magnetism. He said he suspects the mind, which is the feeling of a conscious self, will ultimately be unified with the body, which is a collection of moving particles. But if the brain is just math, does that mean free will doesn't exist, because the movements of particles could be calculated using equations? Not necessarily, he said. One way to think of it is, if a computer tried to simulate what a person will do, the computation would take at least the same amount of time as performing the action. So some people have suggested defining free will as an inability to predict what one is going to do before the event occurs. But that doesn't mean humans are powerless. Tegmark concluded his talk with a call to action: "Humans have the power not only to understand our world, but to shape and improve it." Amazing Documentary Mathematical Universe Language of Universe
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If Alien exist where do they live and how do they live? Scientists say a world that's 490 light-years away qualifies as the first confirmed Earth-sized exoplanet that could sustain life as we know it — but in an environment like nothing we've ever seen. The planet, known as Kepler-186f, is "more of an Earth cousin than an Earth twin," Elisa Quintana, an astronomer at the SETI Institute at NASA Ames Research Center, told the journal Science. Quintana is the lead author of a report on the planet published by Science this week. "This discovery does confirm that Earth-sized planets do exist in the habitable zones of other stars," Quintana said during a Thursday news briefing at NASA Headquarters. Kepler-186f goes around an M-type dwarf star that's smaller and cooler than our sun. But it orbits much closer to its parent star than Earth does, within what would be Mercury's orbit in our own solar system. Those two factors combine to produce an environment that could allow for liquid water on the surface, assuming that the planet had a heat-trapping atmosphere. "The star, to our eyes, would look slightly orange-y," about a third again as big as our sun but only a third as bright, said co-author Thomas Barclay, a staff scientist for NASA's Kepler mission who is also affiliated with NASA and the Bay Area Environmental Research Institute. At midday, Kepler-186f's landscape might look similar to what we see on Earth an hour before sunset, he told NBC News. Or it might not: If the planet lacked an atmosphere to retain and redistribute its sun's warmth, it would be a cold, dry, lifeless world. Kepler-186f probably rates as the most potentially Earthlike planet discovered so far, said Jim Kasting, a geoscientist at Penn State University who did not play a role in the Science study. But he told NBC News that it's still "less likely to be habitable than planets around more sunlike stars." Even better prospects for alien habitability might well be identified in the months and years to come. How the world was found Kepler-186f is just the latest discovery to be pulled out of terabytes' worth of data collected by the Kepler mission. Before it went on the fritz last year, the Kepler space telescope stared at more than 150,000 stars in a patch of sky, looking for the telltale dimming of starlight as planets passed over the stars' disks. Nearly 1,000 exoplanets have been confirmed using Kepler data, and almost 3,000 more candidates are still awaiting confirmation. It takes years of observation to confirm the pattern of dimming and brightening that's associated with alien planets, particularly if the planets are small and far from their parent stars. In February, astronomers reported that at least four worlds circled the dwarf star known as Kepler-186 or KOI-571. In this week's Science paper, Quintana and her colleagues confirm the existence of Kepler-186f as the fifth and outermost world. They report that Kepler-186f is about 10 percent wider than Earth, tracing a 130-day orbit around its sun at a mean distance of 0.35 astronomical units. (An astronomical unit is the distance between Earth and our sun, which is 93 million miles or 150 million kilometers.) That would put Kepler-186f on the cooler, outer side of the star's habitable zone — the range of orbital distances where liquid water could exist on a planet's surface. Astronomers have confirmed the existence of other planets in their stars' habitable zone, but those prospects are super-Earth-size. Smaller habitable-zone candidates also have been found, but they have yet to be confirmed as planets. Barclay said Kepler-186f was particularly promising because it's less than 1.5 times the size of Earth. Planets in that size range are more likely to be rocky with a thinner atmosphere, like Earth, Mars and Venus. But worlds exceeding that size stand a better chance of retaining a thick atmosphere of hydrogen and helium, like the giant planet Neptune. "While those planets also could be rocky, they don't remind us of home," Barclay said. Could we actually detect signs of life on Kepler-186f? That's a tough one. The astronomers behind the discovery acknowledge that the planet might be just too far away for follow-up studies. The SETI Institute has been searching for radio signals from the Kepler-186 system over a wide frequency range (1 to 10 GHz), but so far nothing has been detected. (Advexon)
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BBC Documentary - Living in Nepal In this first episode, Kate travels to south west Nepal in search of the country's last community of nomads, the Raute people. Almost all of the Raute population has already settled in Nepal and India - just one group of 140 people remain living as nomads. These hunter-gatherers still move camp every few weeks through the steeply wooded hills and mountains in one of the poorest countries on the planet. Life for this last Raute group is increasingly tough, as they face pressure to settle from Nepal's government and hostility from the farmers on whose land they camp. The Raute are famously private, and it proves a difficult task for Kate to get to know them. At the beginning they are wary, only engaging with her to ask for money. With perseverance and a rather unlikely rendition of Old MacDonald, Kate is slowly accepted into this tightly knit and proud community. But it's a demanding and emotional journey as she witnesses them move ever further from their ancient traditions and encounters first hand the hostility that the Raute face from mainstream Nepali society. As she helps them move camp twice, bearing heavy loads up punishingly steep hills, she comes face to face - and almost fist to fist - with the conflicts and contradictions facing Nepal's last nomads.
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Einstein's Quantum Riddle NOVA Einstein called it “spooky action at a distance,” but today quantum entanglement is poised to revolutionize technology from computers to cryptography. Physicists have gradually become convinced that the phenomenon—two subatomic particles that mirror changes in each other instantaneously over any distance—is real. But a few doubts remain. NOVA follows a ground-breaking experiment in the Canary Islands to use quasars at opposite ends of the universe to once and for all settle remaining questions. Credits: PRODUCED AND DIRECTED BY Jamie Lochhead EXECUTIVE PRODUCER Chris Schmidt Static card DIRECTOR OF PHOTOGRAPHY Julian Schwanitz ANIMATION Hello Charlie EDITED BY Alastair Auld NARRATOR Eric Meyers ASSISTANT PRODUCER Clementine Cheetham PRODUCTION MANAGER Eva Robins JUNIOR PRODUCTION MANAGERS Sally Brown Olivia Badnell FACT CHECKING RESEARCHER Raquel Taylor FIXER Yongning Zhang MAGICIAN Kevin Quantum EDIT ASSISTANTS Philip Michael Grant Jamieson ONLINE EDITOR & COLORIST Florian Viale AUDIO MIX Ross Millership ARCHIVE PRODUCER Cristina Lombardo ARCHIVAL MATERIAL AIP Emilio Segrè Visual Archives Alamy American Physical Society AP Archive CERN D-Wave Systems, Inc. DACS England and Wales Elizabeth Rauscher Filmarchives Footagefarm Fred Alan Wolf Getty Images IBM Research Intel Corporation Institute for Quantum Computing, University of Waterloo John Clauser Kino Library Niels Bohr Archive Nishina Memorial Foundation Oddball Peter Menzell Pond5 Roger Summerhayes Sciences et Avenir Shambhala Publications SOFAM Belgium University of California, Berkeley SPECIAL THANKS Roque de los Muchachos Observatory Telescopio Nazionale Galileo William Herschel Telescope Institute for Advanced Study University of California, Berkeley Google Quantum AI Lab CAS Center for Excellence in Quantum Information and Quantum Physics, Shanghai Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information, Vienna Le Grand Central Lycée Emil Jacqmain Olival Freire Aram Harrow FOR WINDFALL FILMS EXECUTIVE PRODUCER David Dugan HEAD OF DEVELOPMENT Leesa Rumley HEAD OF PRODUCTION Birte Pedersen PRODUCTION ACCOUNTANT Elizabeth Richards NOVA SERIES GRAPHICS yU + co. NOVA THEME MUSIC Walter Werzowa John Luker Musikvergnuegen, Inc. ADDITIONAL NOVA THEME MUSIC Ray Loring Rob Morsberger CLOSED CAPTIONING The Caption Center POST PRODUCTION ONLINE EDITOR Lindsey Rundell Denault DIGITAL PRODUCTION ASSISTANT Ana Aceves DIGITAL ASSOCIATE PRODUCER Arlo Perez DIGITAL MANAGING PRODUCER Kristine Allington SENIOR DIGITAL PRODUCER Ari Daniel AUDIENCE ENGAGEMENT EDITOR Sukee Bennett DIGITAL EDITOR Allison Eck EDUCATION AND OUTREACH MANAGER Ralph Bouquet OUTREACH COORDINATOR Gina Varamo DIRECTOR OF NATIONAL AUDIENCE RESEARCH Cory Allen PUBLICITY Eileen Campion Eddie Ward DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC RELATIONS Jennifer Welsh DIRECTOR OF AUDIENCE DEVELOPMENT Dante Graves PRODUCTION ASSISTANT Angelica Coleman PRODUCTION COORDINATOR Linda Callahan BUSINESS MANAGER Ariam McCrary PARALEGAL Sarah Erlandson TALENT RELATIONS Janice Flood LEGAL COUNSEL Susan Rosen RIGHTS MANAGER Lauren Miller RESEARCHERS Brian Kantor Robin Kazmier POST PRODUCTION ASSISTANT Jay Colamaria SENIOR PROMOTIONS PRODUCER AND EDITOR Michael H. Amundson SUPERVISING PRODUCER Kevin Young BROADCAST MANAGER Nathan Gunner SCIENCE EDITOR Caitlin Saks DEVELOPMENT PRODUCER David Condon PROJECT DIRECTOR Pamela Rosenstein COORDINATING PRODUCER Elizabeth Benjes SENIOR SCIENCE EDITOR Evan Hadingham SENIOR PRODUCER Chris Schmidt SENIOR SERIES PRODUCER Melanie Wallace DIRECTOR, BUSINESS OPERATIONS & FINANCE Laurie Cahalane DEPUTY EXECUTIVE PRODUCER Julia Cort SENIOR EXECUTIVE PRODUCER Paula S. Apsell
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The Real Iron Man: Elon Musk - Documentary 2018 The South African born, billionaire mega-techpreneur is actually human – but you might not think so after reading Ashlee Vance’s superb biography. We often think we know someone better after we read a book about them; Elon Musk’s multi-industry disruption, highly complex persona and unbelievable tech smarts destroy this theory. He is incredibly difficult to compare; he has streaks of Steve Jobs, Bill Gates and Richard Branson but philosophically I thought him much closer to Ayn Rand’s Hank Rearden in her 1957 novel Atlas Shrugged. A sweeping story of industrialism taking on the establishment, Hank Rearden is a tragic hero; the last defender of a free market and a fearless innovator much like Musk – disrupting big business and vested interests to save the world. From student days in Canada he [Musk] knew exactly how he wanted to change the world; specifically in three areas that he felt were ripe for disruption: the internet, space travel and the automotive industry. The latter two have clearly been turned upside down. Tesla’s cars have made clean-tech vehicles a reality – exponential organisation Uber might be the world’s favourite transport service app but Musk’s electric cars are the app itself (and fast becoming California’s favourite mode of transport). Space travel for Musk is not just about firing off physics-defying rockets that can also land in one piece, he wants to make humans the first multi-planetary species by colonising Mars. Never mind just changing the world, he is creating a new one. Along the way he picked up the legendary association of being the real life Iron Man; the Tony Stark of Silicon Valley – indestructible superhero and off-the-charts tech genius. Although Musk himself played down these comparisons, there is no doubt it fuelled a celebrity persona around the products he created and the organisations he built (not that his shareholders are complaining). Much like Steve Jobs was god-like to Apple employees and genuinely feared in the industries he dominated, Musk is also a contradiction; modern day tech hero on the outside, Victor Frankenstein tendencies on the inside. He is also an agile evangelist at heart (and exponentially so). He understands the need to fail fast, learn and scale while keeping production cycles as short and iterative as possible. His rocket factories feature the co-location principles of self-organising and multi-functional teams;he insists his top engineers have their desks right next to the production lines on the factory floor. A top NASA executive once remarked; “He’s taken the best things from the tech industry like open-floor office plans and having all this human interaction.” Some of his latest headline-grabbing ideas are the 1200km/h hyperloop between LA and San Francisco and an orbiting matrix of satellites beaming down free internet to every corner of the globe. It is tempting to dismiss these projects as fanciful dreams but Musk has consistently proved his critics wrong and it would be advisable not to bet against him. Perhaps he is more like Marty McFly from Back to the Future and is actually trying to build a rocket to get home; after all Elon Musk did say “I would like to die on Mars, just not on impact.” * Subscribe for more Scientific & Technological Videos * Like & Share * go to our website http://www.advexon.com * Share your ideas and comment (Advexon)
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How To Feel More Energetic - Top 10 Tips Part 2 is available here: https://youtu.be/gDO2jGSNmA8 Do you struggle to get out of bed, feel constantly drained and rely on pick-me-ups such as protein bars, coffee and sugary treats to get you through the day? If so, you’re far from alone. Here are the Top 10 Tips To Feel More Energetic throughout the day. 1. Rule Out Existing Health Problems Fatigue is a common symptom of many illnesses, including diabetes, heart disease, and thyroid disease. If you are constantly tired, the first step is to talk to your doctor to rule out any possible existing health problems which could be causing it. Many medications can also contribute to fatigue. These include blood pressure medicines, antihistamines, diuretics, and other drugs. If you begin to experience fatigue after starting a new medication, tell your doctor so you can find something more suitable to you. 2. Key Nutrients We all have increasingly busy lives, so it’s essential to provide the body with enough vitamins and key nutrients to get through the day. Iron - Many people have low enough iron levels to be anaemic but a blood test will pick up any iron problems you may have. Regardless of your iron levels, it’s a good idea to include plenty of iron-rich foods in your diet such as dried fruit and dark green vegetables like Spinach. B-vitamins - B vitamins are particularly vital as they’re required by the body to convert the food you eat into energy. They are most commonly found in grains such as brown rice, barley and oats, as well as lean proteins such as oily fish and turkey. Protein - Avoiding protein will leave you exhausted, as it’s a vital energy giver. Protein provides slow burning energy, so it’s great for fighting fatigue for the whole day. Good protein sources are meat, fish, cheese, tofu, beans, lentils, yogurt, nuts and seeds. 3. Physical Activity It might be the last thing you feel like, but avoiding exercise because you’re tired actually makes you feel worse. Exercise has consistently been linked to improved vigour and overall quality of life. This is because regular exercise makes your heart and lungs work more efficiently, delivering oxygen and vital nutrients around the body. That’s the equivalent of improving the fuel efficiency of a car. It gives you more energy for any kind of activity. 4. Yoga & Meditation Although almost any exercise is good, yoga and other meditative exercises may be especially effective for boosting energy. After just six weeks of once-a-week yoga classes, volunteers in a British study reported improvements in clear-mindedness, energy, and confidence. It’s never too late to try, either. Many elderly people who struggle with chronic fatigue turn to these gentle and light exercises and stretching routines. Use this, combined with controlled abdominal breathing and you will feel more alert than ever once your body adjusts. 5. Drink Plenty Of Water Dehydration zaps energy and impairs physical performance. It has also been shown to decrease alertness and concentration. The easiest way to tell if you’re drinking enough water or not is to check the colour of your urine. Urine should be pale yellow or straw coloured when you are hydrated enough. If it’s darker than that, you need to drink more water. Losing as little as 2% of your body’s normal water content can take its toll on your energy levels, so make sure you’re constantly sipping on a cup of water. If you find water too boring by itself, add mint, basil, lemon or cucumber to liven up the flavor. https://www.facebook.com/toptruths/ https://www.toptruths.com https://www.advexon.tv LIKE / SHARE / SUBSCRIBE Playlists: TOP Educational: http://bit.ly/TTEducational TOP 10: http://bit.ly/TOPTruthsTop10 TOP Cotroversial: http://bit.ly/TOPTruthsControversial TOP Science & Tech: http://bit.ly/TOPTruthsScTech Powered by Advexon: http://advexon.tv/ #Toptruths #top10 #top100 #trending #trends #worldsbest #coolstuff #didyouknow #toptruth #truth #top2016 #amazing #awesome #cool #sexy #interesting #facts #exposed #advexon #google #facebook #youtube #inspirational #motivational
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Scientific Discoveries of the 21st Century - Documentary 2018 [HD] * Subscribe for more Scientific & Technological Videos * Like & Share * go to our website http://www.advexon.com * Share your ideas and comment (Advexon)
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Top 10 Futuristic Cities Of The World (Part 1) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MVIl2G36QQU Do futuristic concepts such as high-speed trains, mile-high buildings and man-made islands leave you in awe? Does the idea of the future thrill or terrify you? Cities all around the world are working to push the boundaries on what it means to be modern or even futuristic. For those tech-heads and forward thinkers who love to travel, why not visit the Top 10 Futuristic Cities Of The World? https://www.facebook.com/toptruths/ https://www.toptruths.com https://www.advexon.tv LIKE / SHARE / SUBSCRIBE Top Futuristic Cities List: 5. Tokyo, Japan Rising skyscrapers, flashing neon signs, contemporary architecture, and bustling streets filled with the newest technology set the scene in one of the world’s most modern cities. A superpower in smartphone technology, robotics, and automobiles, Tokyo is famed for being one of the most advanced cities in the world. Essentially everything about this city of 13 million people screams “future.” A walk around Tokyo could lead you to meet a robot on the street, wander into an electronics store that’s six stories high, or even find the incredible Tokyo Skytree - a free-standing tower over 2,000ft tall, making it the largest tower in the world and the second largest building after the Burj Khalifa in Dubai. 4. Dubai, United Arab Emirates What’s the first thing that comes to mind when somebody mentions Dubai? For us, it’s the magnificent, awe-inspiring largest building in the world – the Burj Khalifa. It’s the most visibly futuristic thing about Dubai, but there is also other impressive architecture throughout the city too, including underwater hotels and the Palm Islands - a group of large man-made islands that resemble palm leaves. Given this cityscape, it’s no wonder the metropolis has warranted comparisons to SimCity. 3. Seoul, South Korea During the 1950s, Seoul was a city devastated by the Korean War. Once the war was over, the country suffered in poverty. Today, however, it’s one of the most prosperous and technologically advanced places in the world. After the Korean War, a huge number of people moved from rural areas into Seoul, leading to rapidly built buildings with no focus on aesthetics. Now with 20 percent of South Korea’s population living in the city, urban planners are working with the wealth and power in the city to create what was named the World Design Capital in 2010. The city has a thriving arts scene, great museums, and well-designed architecture. From the moment you step off the plane and walk through the international airport, you’ll feel like you’ve travelled forward in time. There is also a love of nightlife in Seoul and if you love to party, this is the city to visit. The hard workers of Korea need somewhere to blow off steam, so there are many 24-hour shopping malls, saunas, bars, pools, and restaurants – just about everything you could need! In fact, many of the shopping malls are over 10 stories tall, with departments for everything you can imagine – especially for tech-heads who always enjoy having the latest gadgets and inventions. 2. San Francisco, USA San Francisco is the technological innovation hub of the Unites States. Thousands who work in the IT industry call the city of San Francisco home, and many refer to it as the “brain” of the famed Silicon Valley, which is situated in the southern part of the Bay Area of San Francisco. Here is where you’ll find the home of the biggest technology companies on the planet, including Google and Facebook. There are few places on Earth where technology talent is as densely concentrated as it is in the Silicon Valley. The city is constantly producing creative talent and is filled with vibrant people in their 20s and 30s who are all plugged into the internet. 1. Singapore The small island city-state of Singapore has risen up in the ranks to become a top modern Asian city. After finally gaining independence from Japanese, British, and Malaysian colonies in 1965, the first prime minister Lee Kuan Yew led the country for over 30 years and is responsible for transforming Singapore into one of the richest places in the world. The gleaming state is full of glass skyscrapers and modern architecture, like the incredible SkyPark hotel, part of Singapore’s mega-resort scene. Under Lee Kuan Yew’s leadership, city planners have left spaces across the island for many parks and sustainable, green areas. The so-called Lion City boasts of one of the least-corrupt governments, most business-friendly economies, a first-class education system, strict laws on crime, and a thriving arts scene, making it one of the most advanced places on Earth. Playlists: TOP Educational: http://bit.ly/TTEducational TOP 10: http://bit.ly/TOPTruthsTop10 TOP Cotroversial: http://bit.ly/TOPTruthsControversial TOP Science & Tech: http://bit.ly/TOPTruthsScTech Powered by Advexon: http://advexon.tv/
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FREE Distance Learning Scholarships & Courses If you want to study for free and at the same time want the benefit of an international education, this is where you need to start. Distance learning education is a real possibility. It is cheaper than actually studying abroad because everything is done online. Here is a list of online degree scholarships and free online courses to get you on the right track. Online Degree Scholarships University of the People - Tuition-Free Degrees University of the People offers online, accredited, tuition-free, American university degrees in business administration and computer science. The programs are taught by world-class professors hailing from universities such as NYU, Harvard, Oxford and more in a supportive virtual small classroom setting. University of the People prepares its students for employment by offering internship and mentoring programs to gain hands-on experience with its partners such as HP and Microsoft; in addition to academic study of the industry. Commonwealth Distance Learning Scholarships The Commonwealth Distance Learning Scholarships support candidates from developing commonwealth countries to study 30+ Master’s degree courses that are either offered in partnership with universities in developing countries, or delivered directly by UK institutions. The scholarships cover the tuition fees. Edinburgh Global Distance Learning Scholarships The University of Edinburgh will offer 4 scholarships to citizens of selected developing countries to pursue one of the 30+ distance learning Master’s programmes offered by the University. Each scholarship will cover the full tuition fees over three years. Free Online Courses edX Free Online Courses at Premier Universities edX is a learning platform that gives students from any country the opportunity to take free online courses offered by premier Universities around the world. The courses are available to anyone in the world – from any demographic – who has interest in advancing their own knowledge. With the exception of professional education courses, edX courses are free for everyone. Some courses have a fee for verified certificates but are free to audit. Coursera Coursera is an education company that partners with the top universities and organizations in the world to offer courses online for anyone to take, for free. Currently, they offer courses in a wide range of topics, spanning the Humanities, Medicine, Biology, Social Sciences, Mathematics, Business, Computer Science, and many others. Khan Academy Khan Academy is a not-for-profit organisation with the goal of changing education for the better by providing free world-class education for anyone anywhere. With a library of over 4,500 videos on everything from arithmetic to physics, finance, and history and hundreds of skills to practice, Khan Academy will help you learn what you want, when you want, at your own pace. Academic Earth Academic Earth believes everyone deserves access to a world-class education. The platform offers a comprehensive collection of free online courses from the world’s top universities. Produced by: https://www.toptruths.com https://www.advexon.tv Contact us: https://www.facebook.com/toptruths/ Playlists: TOP Educational: https://goo.gl/Te6pVF TOP 10: https://goo.gl/csRZMy TOP Cotroversial: https://goo.gl/8kzcBg TOP Science & Tech: https://goo.gl/R3Rthw TOP TRUTHS: https://goo.gl/Rikg2D
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PBS NOVA Documentary One form of the question asks, "Could you go somewhere that you could look 'beyond' the universe," the way one might peer beyond a cliff edge or look out a window to see the outside of a building? The answer to that query is "probably not." One reason involves the "cosmological principle," said Robert McNees, an associate professor of physics at Loyola University Chicago. The cosmological principle states that the distribution of matter in any part of the universe looks roughly the same as in any other part, regardless what direction you look in; in scientists' terms, the universe is isotropic. The cosmological principle is, in part, a consequence of the idea that the laws of physics are the same everywhere. "There's lots of local variation — stars, galaxies, clusters, etc. — but averaged over big chunks of space, no place is really that different than anywhere else," McNees told Live Science in an email The implication though, is that there is no "edge"; there is no place to go where the universe just ends and one could look in some direction and see what's beyond it. One analogy often used to describe this edgeless universe is the surface of a balloon. An ant on such a surface can walk in any direction and it would look like the surface was "unbounded" — that is, the ant might come back to where it started but there would be no end to the journey. So even though the surface of a balloon is a finite number of square units, there's no edge to it, no boundary (since you can go forever in any one direction). In addition, there's no "center," so there's no preferred point on the balloon's spherical surface. The universe is a three-dimensional version of the balloon's skin. Ballooning universe But how can the universe be expanding if there is no end or edge to it? Using the balloon analogy again, if one were to add more air to the balloon, the ant would observe other things on the balloon's surface getting farther away. And the greater the distance between the ant and some object, the faster that object would be receding. But no matter where the ant skittered, the speed at which those objects were receding would follow the same relations — if the ant came up with an equation describing how fast the farthest objects were receding, it would work the same way anywhere on the balloon's surface. However, balloons, when blown up, are expanding into a three-dimensional space. The problem is that this doesn't apply to the universe. By definition, the universe contains everything, so there is no "outside." Physicist Stephen Hawking has often said that the whole question makes no sense, because if the universe came from nothing and brought everything into existence, then asking what lies beyond the universe is like asking what is north of the North Pole. Dr. Katie Mack, a theoretical astrophysicist at the University of Melbourne in Australia, told Live Science that it might be more useful to think of the universe as getting less dense, rather than expanding. That is, the concentration of matter in the universe is decreasing as the universe expands, she said. That's because galaxies aren't moving away from each other through space — it's space itself that is getting bigger. So any aliens in the galaxies that humans see would all come to the same conclusion that Earthlings do: Everything else is moving away in all directions, and the local galaxy is at rest. And on top of that, the rate of expansion has not been uniform. For a brief fraction of a second after the Big Bang, there was a period of accelerated expansion called inflation, during which the universe grew at a much faster pace than it is growing now. Whole regions of space will never be observable from Earth for that reason. Mack noted that assuming inflation happened, the universe is actually 1023 times bigger than the 46 billion light-years humans can see. So if there is an edge to the universe, it's so far away Earthlings can't see it, and never will. An infinite space? Meanwhile, there's the issue of whether the universe is infinite in space to begin with, which Mack said is still an open question. Or, the universe might wrap around itself in a higher dimension in the same way that the 2D surface of a sphere wraps around itself in three dimensions, she said.
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Credit: Chris Cannucciari http://www.admycoin.com Check out our website for ICO info. Check Top 100 Richest Bitcoin Address: https://steemit.com/bitcoin/@advexon/top-100-richest-bitcoin-address Evolution of f Bitcoin - Full Documentary 2017 [HD] Bitcoin is a form of digital currency, created and held electronically. No one controls it. Bitcoins aren’t printed, like dollars or euros – they’re produced by people, and increasingly businesses, running computers all around the world, using software that solves mathematical problems. It’s the first example of a growing category of money known as cryptocurrency. What makes it different from normal currencies? Bitcoin can be used to buy things electronically. In that sense, it’s like conventional dollars, euros, or yen, which are also traded digitally. However, bitcoin’s most important characteristic, and the thing that makes it different to conventional money, is that it is decentralized. No single institution controls the bitcoin network. This puts some people at ease, because it means that a large bank can’t control their money. Who created it? A software developer called Satoshi Nakamoto proposed bitcoin, which was an electronic payment system based on mathematical proof. The idea was to produce a currency independent of any central authority, transferable electronically, more or less instantly, with very low transaction fees. Who prints it? No one. This currency isn’t physically printed in the shadows by a central bank, unaccountable to the population, and making its own rules. Those banks can simply produce more money to cover the national debt, thus devaluing their currency. Instead, bitcoin is created digitally, by a community of people that anyone can join. Bitcoins are ‘mined’, using computing power in a distributed network. This network also processes transactions made with the virtual currency, effectively making bitcoin its own payment network. * Subscribe for more Scientific & Technological Videos * Like & Share * go to our website http://www.advexon.com * Share your ideas and comment
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Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity is one of the towering achievements of 20th-century physics. Published in 1916, it explains that what we perceive as the force of gravity in fact arises from the curvature of space and time. Einstein proposed that objects such as the sun and the Earth change this geometry. In the presence of matter and energy it can evolve, stretch and warp, forming ridges, mountains and valleys that cause bodies moving through it to zigzag and curve. So although Earth appears to be pulled towards the sun by gravity, there is no such force. It is simply the geometry of space-time around the sun telling Earth how to move. The general theory of relativity has far-reaching consequences. It not only explains the motion of the planets; it can also describe the history and expansion of the universe, the physics of black holes and the bending of light from distant stars and galaxies.
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Human Brain And Quantum Physics - Full Documentary HD Human Brain And Quantum Physics. Credits to ATHENE'S the following documentary presents new developments in neuroscience and a solution to current unsolved problems in physics, Solely focused on scientifically verified data, it also has philosophical repercussions to life, death and the origins of universe. Dr. Granville Dharmawardena of the University of Colombo writes that psychologists often speak of the mind and the body as two separate entities for convenience, but most acknowledge that they are intimately entwined. Yet none knows exactly how or how intimately. So the mind body problem keeps stubbornly resisting a definite solution. Philosopher John Searle (Mills Professor of Philosophy, University of California, and Berkley) says that today’s philosophers are reluctant to tackle such big problems as how people have been trying to understand their relationship to the universe. All these refer to the elusive relationship between the body and the mind referred to more generally as the brain-mind problem. The brain-mind relationship has baffled mankind for a very long time. One main reason for this is that it was not considered as a candidate for scientific study until recently. Psychology and related sciences were able to continue for many years by either ignoring the brain entirely or at best treating it as a black box whose rules of operation could be understood without reference to its internal contents or composition. The human brain without doubt is the most complex organ in the known universe. It is physical and biological. Therefore, it has to be amenable to scientific probing without the intervention of such considerations as the Gödel’s theorem, which states that there are statements in mathematical systems which are true but cannot be proven within those systems. Attempts to understand the brain-mind problem within Newton’s universe over centuries have introduced divisions and concepts that have become detrimental to having a new look at it from the point of view of modern science, more specifically quantum mechanics. . Just as the Earth was proved not to be the center of the universe, our current theories that govern our physical universe such as Einstein’s gravity theory and others may become obsolete in our understanding of reality. For example, astrophysicist can only account for about 10% of the matter in the universe. Dark matter was invented to account for the other 90%, but no one knows if dark matter even exists. Could it be that our theories are really 90% wrong, dark matter doesn’t exist, and there are actually other things that are beyond our current comprehensive ability that determine our perception of our universe and reality? Most likely, yes. In trying to interpret the mechanisms of operation of the human brain and developing a model for consciousness that explain all practical observations, it is necessary first of all to jettison traditional thinking and clean up the mess created by human genius. It is also necessary to enlist all the observed properties of the brain and consciousness and ensure that the developed model explains all of them. There is general agreement that the seat of consciousness is the brain in Human beings. We can go along with this concept. Philosopher Colin McGinn (Professor of Philosophy at Rutgers University, New Jersey the USA) introduces a property of the brain of which the brain is the basis of consciousness and a theory which fully explains the dependence of conscious states on brain states. He adds that if we knew the theory, then we have a constructive solution to the mind-body problem. It is reasonable to consider a property of the brain, but it is not possible at this stage to shut the possibility that, as Nobel Laureate Neurobiologist Sir John Eccles points out, the scope of consciousness may not remain limited within the confines of the human skull. This is especially so because many of our practical observations and those of many others clearly show that consciousness, at times, can remain completely dis-embodied. We can hence, focus our attention on understanding three factors, the nature of consciousness, the property of the brain that enables consciousness to operate within the brain, and a model that explains the behavior of the brain and consciousness as practically observed. The brain, which is material, has received much attention over a very long period from both classical and modern scientists. The classical science explanation of the structure and the mechanisms of operation of the brain is easily accessible through medical and biology text books. * Subscribe for more Scientific & Technological Videos * Like & Share * go to our website http://www.advexon.com * Share your ideas and comment
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The Lost Treasures of the Sikh Kingdom - BBC Documentary 360p In the birthday week of the founder of Sikhism, TV auctioneer James Lewis tells the story of the lost treasures of the 19th-century maharajah, Ranjit Singh. After conquering Punjab, the British compiled a catalog of the priceless diamonds, weapons, and works of art.
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Saudi Aramco is enormous – staggeringly so. Yet by one measure that matters a lot – the $2 trillion valuation envisaged by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman – it’s still not enormous enough. The world’s largest oil producer disclosed the state of its finances for the first time on Monday as part of a bond issue to fund the $69 billion purchase of a stake in Saudi Basic Industries Corp (SABIC). Titillating details include Aramco’s towering $224 billion of EBITDA, and much new information about the way the company works with its sole shareholder, the government of Saudi Arabia. It helps shed light on the question of what Aramco’s main crude-oil business is worth, adding flesh to the bones of a valuation Breakingviews laid out back in 2017 in an interactive calculator. At that time, the company was flirting with an initial public offering, which MbS said could value Aramco at $2 trillion. By Breakingviews’ estimates, using a discounted cash-flow valuation, that target was about twice what Aramco was actually worth. Many of Aramco’s secrets are now in plain sight. Take its remarkable efficiency. The company finds and extracts crude oil for just $7.50 a barrel, where Breakingviews had assumed $9. The earlier analysis further assumed $2 a barrel of overheads, but the reality looks lower – perhaps $1.50. Breakingviews also assumed Aramco could jack up production to 12.5 million barrels a day, where it has instead stuck at around 10.3 million. Plug the new numbers into the 2017 model, and Aramco is still worth just $1.1 trillion. But there’s another important variable: the oil price. Then it was around $50 a barrel, now it’s $70. If that level sticks, Aramco could be worth $1.7 trillion, the calculator shows. That’s closer to the prince’s target, and perhaps why he is now more relaxed about raising the curtain around the producer’s finances. Even then, it’s a generous estimate. Around one-third of Aramco’s crude oil is sold not to third parties at prevailing prices but to Aramco’s “downstream” business, which must supply Saudis with energy at state-controlled prices, reducing its potential profit. The kingdom is moving towards paying the market price for its efforts, but for now, that’s a plan rather than a fact. And so, therefore, is the idea of Aramco attaining that prized $2 trillion valuations.
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Thanks for watching Make sure to subscribe and leave a comment below. The Magic Honey! Honey is one of the most incredibly versatile products Mother Nature has to offer. When we think of honey, its amazing medical benefits come to mind immediately. Mad honey is an amped-up version of regular honey. Extracted from the rhododendron flower, mad honey has hallucinogenic properties. This is why it’s also known as hallucinogenic honey, or deli bal honey in Turkey. We commercialize the original mad honey, extracted by the Gurungu tribes of Nepal. This way, alongside the many benefits of mad honey, we also provide our customers with the authentic experience of Nepal mad honey.We are a family-based company, and this is why we take honey hunting traditions seriously. This goes to show that we are dedicated to keeping tradition alive while supplying the best product on the market.
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The world's largest container ship has arrived in the UK for the first time at the Port of Felixstowe. The Hong Kong-registered CSCL Globe, measuring more than 400m (1,312ft) in length, docked at Felixstowe at 12:30 GMT on Wednesday loaded with about 19,100 standard containers. Richard Westcott got aboard a boat to sail alongside the mammoth ship and get a close-up look.
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Most Mysterious Archaeological Discoveries Ever Made Digging up items from the past always remind us how creative the minds of our ancestors were. Such discoveries are also a great chance to see the remains of items which are centuries old. Here are the Most Mysterious Archaeological Discoveries Ever Made. 9 Voynich Manuscript The Voynich Manuscript is an illustrated codex hand-written in an unknown writing system. The vellum on which it is written has been carbon-dated to the early 15th century (1404–1438), and it may have been composed in Northern Italy during the Italian Renaissance. Some of the pages are missing, with around 240 remaining. 8 The Mount Owen Claw Nearly three decades ago, a team of archaeologists were carrying out an expedition inside a large cave system on Mount Owen in New Zealand when they stumbled across a frightening and unusual object - an enormous, dinosaur-like claw still intact with flesh and scaly skin. The claw was so well-preserved that it appeared to have come from something that had only died very recently. 7 Sacsayhuaman Sacsayhuaman is one of the most stunning Inca ruins, located on the northern outskirts of the old city of Cusco, Peru, the former capital of the Inca Empire. Built like a fortress, the complex covers a huge area, but they constitute perhaps only a quarter of the original complex, which, at the time, could have easily housed more than 10,000 people. 6 Nazca Lines The Nazca Lines are a series of large ancient geoglyphs in the Nazca Desert, in southern Peru. They are so large; they can only be seen when flying over the Peruvian desert. The largest figures are up to 370 meters long and they were designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994. Scholars believe the Nazca Lines were created by the Nazca culture between 500BCE and 500CE. The figures vary in complexity. Hundreds are simple lines and geometric shapes; more than 70 are zoomorphic designs of animals, such as birds, fish, llamas, jaguars, monkeys, or human figures. 5 Gobekli Tepe Six miles from Urfa, an ancient city in south-eastern Turkey, Klaus Schmidt made one of the most startling archaeological discoveries of our time: massive carved stones about 11,000 years old, crafted and arranged by prehistoric people who had not yet developed metal tools or even pottery. These megaliths predate Stonehenge by around 6,000 years. 4 Terracotta Army In 1974, a group of archaeologists in Xian, China made an excavation which became the discovery of the greatest funeral art ever, the Terracotta army. They found thousands of clay soldiers buried near the tomb of emperor Qin Shi Huang. He was the first emperor of China. The clay soldiers were buried with him for protection from different forces after death. This ancient complex is around 2,200 years old. The archaeologists also found different weapons along with the sculptures. They were perfectly arranged within different clay corridors. 3 Moai Statues (Easter Island Heads) The Moai statues of Easter Island, also known as the Easter Island Heads, are one of most mysterious and iconic archaeological discoveries ever made. These statues are the main tourist attractions of Easter Island. The Moai statues were carved by ancient people of Rapa Nui between 1300 to 1500CE. There are 288 Maoi statues in total, situated on various massive stone platforms on the Island. 2 Stonehenge Stonehenge, one of the most famous landmarks in the UK, is regarded as a British cultural icon. It is a prehistoric monument made up of a ring many large free-standing stones. Each stone is around 13ft high, 7ft wide and weighs around 25 tonnes. The actual purpose of Stonehenge is still unknown, although there are several hundred burial mounds nearby. Archaeologists have dated the human remains to be around 4,500 years old, buried at some point between 3000BCE and 2000BCE. 1 Great Pyramids It's argued that the Egyptian Pyramids are the greatest ancient structures ever to be created. Even though many civilizations built pyramids, the Egyptian pyramids are a cut above the rest. The Great Pyramid of Giza always makes it on lists of the greatest wonders of the world, and for good reason. Playlists: TOP Educational: https://goo.gl/Te6pVF TOP 10: https://goo.gl/csRZMy TOP Cotroversial: https://goo.gl/8kzcBg TOP Science & Tech: https://goo.gl/R3Rthw TOP TRUTHS: https://goo.gl/Rikg2D
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If you read any science fiction or futurism, you've probably heard people using the term "singularity" to describe the world of tomorrow. But what exactly does it mean, and where does the idea come from? We answer in today's backgrounder. What is the singularity? The term singularity describes the moment when a civilization changes so much that its rules and technologies are incomprehensible to previous generations. Think of it as a point-of-no-return in history. Most thinkers believe the singularity will be jump-started by extremely rapid technological and scientific changes. These changes will be so fast, and so profound, that every aspect of our society will be transformed, from our bodies and families to our governments and economies. A good way to understand the singularity is to imagine explaining the internet to somebody living in the year 1200. Your frames of reference would be so different that it would be almost impossible to convey how the internet works, let alone what it means to our society. You are on the other side of what seems like a singularity to our person from the Middle Ages. But from the perspective of a future singularity, we are the medieval ones. Advances in science and technology mean that singularities might happen over periods much shorter than 800 years. And nobody knows for sure what the hell they'll bring. Talking about the singularity is a paradox, because it is an attempt to imagine something that is by definition unimaginable to people in the present day. But that hasn't stopped hundreds of science fiction writers and futurists from doing it. Where does the term "singularity" come from? Science fiction writer Vernor Vinge popularized the idea of the singularity in his 1993 essay "Technological Singularity." There he described the singularity this way: It is a point where our old models must be discarded and a new reality rules. As we move closer to this point, it will loom vaster and vaster over human affairs till the notion becomes a commonplace. Yet when it finally happens it may still be a great surprise and a greater unknown. Specifically, Vinge pinned the Singularity to the emergence of artificial intelligence. "We are on the edge of change comparable to the rise of human life on Earth," he wrote. "The precise cause of this change is the imminent creation by technology of entities with greater than human intelligence." Author Ken MacLeod has a character describe the singularity as "the Rapture for nerds" in his novel The Cassini Division, and the turn of phrase stuck, becoming a popular way to describe the singularity. (Note: MacLeod didn't actually coin this phrase - he says he got the phrase from a satirical essay in an early-1990s issue of Extropy.) Catherynne Valente argued recently for an expansion of the term to include what she calls "personal singularities," moments where a person is altered so much that she becomes unrecognizable to her former self. This definition could include posthuman experiences. Humans could escape from black holes, rather than getting stuck in them, according to a new theory proposed by Stephen Hawking. What is singularities? Space Documentary Black Holes Singularities
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Gotthard Base Tunnel (1999-2016) The world's longest and deepest rail tunnel has officially opened in Switzerland, after almost two decades of construction work. The 57km (35-mile) twin-bore Gotthard base tunnel will provide a high-speed rail link under the Swiss Alps between northern and southern Europe. Switzerland says it will revolutionise European freight transport. Goods currently carried on the route by a million lorries a year will go by train instead. The tunnel has overtaken Japan's 53.9km Seikan rail tunnel as the longest in the world and pushed the 50.5km Channel Tunnel linking the UK and France into third place. Thanks for watching Make sure to subscribe and leave a comment below.
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Part 2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bLlYCwYnM3k U.S. space agency NASA announced the discovery of more than 200 new planets on Monday, 10 of which are believed to be about the right size and temperature to support life. Of the 219 new suspected planets to have been discovered by NASA's Kepler telescope, 10 were found to exist in the so-called 'Goldilocks zone' of their solar system. This refers to the distance between the planet and their star, which is neither too hot nor too cold to support complex life. The presence of liquid water on these "rocky" Earth-like planets is seen as a key ingredient required for the existence of life. "Are we alone? Maybe Kepler today has told us indirectly, although we need confirmation, that we are probably not alone," Mario Perez, Kepler program scientist, said at a news conference. NASA launched the Kepler telescope in 2009 in a bid to discover whether other Earth-like planets are common or rare. The latest identification of suspected exoplanets – planets outside our own solar system – brings the tally discovered by the Kepler telescope to 4,034. The number of worlds thought to be approximately the same size and temperature as Earth is around 50.
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"Muhammad Ali" Top 10 Fun Facts (Part #1) Muhammad Ali passed away on June 3rd 2016 at the age of 74. The greatest boxer of all-time and a noted humanitarian, Ali’s life was one of numerous events that shifted the fabric of not only sport but of culture and society in a way that no one has matched since. After defeating Sonny Liston in 1964, Ali famously claimed that he “shook up the world,” and truer words have never been spoken. You’ll hear a lot of crazy stories about him over the next few days. Here is our top ten… 1. Ali Started Boxing To Beat Up The Kid Who Stole His Bike 2. Ali Remains The Only Three-Time Lineal Heavyweight Boxing Champion Of The World 3. The Photographer Who Took Ali’s Most Famous Picture Got It Through A Stroke Of Luck 4. Ali’s First Knockout Punch Was To His Mother As A Baby 5. Muhammad Ali’s star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame rests on the wall and not on the sidewalk 6. The NSA Wiretapped Ali’s Phone 7. He Starred In A Broadway Musical 8. He's An Amateur Magician 9. His Olympic Gold Medal Could Be Sitting At The Bottom Of A River 10. He Secured The Release Of 15 U.S. Prisoners In Iraq TOP Entertaining & Controversial TRUTHS https://www.facebook.com/toptruths/ https://www.toptruths.com * Subscribe for more Scientific & Technological Videos * Like & Share * go to our website http://www.advexon.tv * Share your ideas and comment
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The Global Wildlife Travel Index scored Thailand in fourth place in the world, the highest in all of Asia. Only the US, Venezuela, and Brazil scored higher in the index created by True Luxury Travel. Thailand scored a seven – the highest possible score – in the categories analysing its conservation of megafauna (or large animals), its number of national parks, and its number of natural history museums. The country also scored five in the other categories assessing its biodiversity, the number of protected natural areas, and its “national park pioneers” placement (which ranks countries based on their oldest national park).
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It is almost philosophical to think that our mental representations, imagery, reasoning, and reflections are generated by electrical activity of interconnected brain cells. And even more so is to think that these abstract phenomena of the mind could be enhanced by passing electricity through specific cellular networks in the brain. Yet, it turns out these tenets can be subjected to empirical experimentation. Groundbreaking discoveries made by Dr. Wilder Penfield with his patients undergoing open-brain surgeries to treat epilepsy opened a new field of brain research exploring physiological substrates of human memory. By applying electrical current in discrete regions of the brain’s cortex, Penfield induced a conscious experience of facts and events from the recent and distant past. For instance, one of his patients described re-living a childhood episode of a circus show with the vividness of detail associated with such a unique and captivating event. This phenomenal effect of electrical stimulation on memory experience was described in a series of patients stimulated in different brain regions. In summary, the effect was found in defined areas of the cortex when electrical current was applied with optimal frequency and amplitude parameters for inducing the memory experiences. This led Penfield and colleagues to hypothesize that the stimulation worked by activating some specific physiological substrates storing memory traces of the remembered events. The idea is brilliantly simple. Stimulating networks of brain cells at a set of parameters, which match their physiological activity when memories are encoded, can reverberate a memory trace and result in its conscious experience. Waves of the applied electrical current would in a way entrain and re-activate groups of connected cells supporting specific mental representations. Around the time of these experiments, Polish neurophysiologist Dr. Jerzy Konorski and Canadian neuropsychologist Dr. Donald Hebb independently proposed a mechanism through which such connected groups of cells, aka neuronal assemblies, could form the physiological substrate for our mental constructs and their memory traces. Since these initial ideas and findings, technological progress has been made to modulate these hypothetical substrates in attempt to enhance human memory performance. Several studies of individual cases or small groups of patients reported both positive and negative effects of electrical stimulation in a range of brain regions. The positive effect was manifested in improved reaction time or response accuracy in various tests probing spatial, semantic, and other forms of declarative memory for facts and events. Despite the mixed effects and other limitations in these pioneering studies, improving mental processes supporting memory performance with electrical stimulation became a tangible reality. This fascinating research can now be more robust and reproducible in the era of collaborative brain research projects. In our recent study, we used data collected from 22 patients stimulated in a range of brain regions during performance of a verbal memory task completed at multiple clinical centers. Four brain regions, which were previously implicated in declarative memory functions, were investigated for the effect of electrical stimulation on remembering lists of common words like “fish” or “rose.” We found that more words were remembered when one of the studied regions was stimulated (overlapping with the cortical area originally identified by Penfield). Electrical current passed through that region enabled the patients to recall more words as their abstract mental representation (or concepts, if you like) were generated. This time it was not the reaction time or response accuracy that was improved, but the memory for additional concepts of words when electrically entraining that brain region. And so was the subjective experience of one of the patients who reported that it was “easier to picture those words” in his mind. Decoding Human's Brain Understanding brain
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Churches & Monasteries Collection 2018 Location: Republic of Moldova (East Europe) #VisitMoldova #BeOurGuest #ExploreMoldova #Advexon MOLDOVA REMAINED A CHRISTIAN NATION EVEN AFTER HALF A CENTURY OCCUPATION BY THE USSR 90.1% OF THE POPULATION NOMINALLY IS EASTERN ORTHODOX (2014 CENSUS) 1. CAPRIANA MONASTERY (~1429) - FOUNDED BY MOLDOVAN RULER “STEFAN THE GREAT” - HOME TO THE BIGGEST CONVENT LIBRARY IN MOLDOVA - CLOSED DURING THE POST-WAR PERIOD, IT WAS ONLY REOPENED AGAIN IN 1989 2. WOODEN CHURCH, CHISINAU (~1642) -OLDEST RELIGIOUS HISTORICAL MONUMENT IN MOLDOVA -BUILD FROM OAK TREES OF MOLDOVAN CODRI -THE LARGEST WOODEN CHURCH IN THE COUNTRY, TOPPING AT 27 METERS (89 FT) 3. HANCU MONASTERY (~1678) - IT WAS BUILD AS A CONVENT FOR NUNS - 1956 TO 1990 THE CONVENT WAS CLOSED BY THE SOVIETS, INSTEAD IT FUNCTIONED AS A SANATORIUM FOR THE HEALTH MINISTRY - IN 1990 THE CONVENT WAS REOPENED, AND NOW IT CAN BE VISITED DAILY 4. CURCHI MONASTERY (~1773) -IT WAS FOUNDED IN 1773-1775 AND BECAME ONE OF THE RICHEST AND LARGEST MONASTERIES IN MOLDOVA. -HAS THE HIGHEST DOME IN MOLDOVA, RISING TO A HEIGHT OF 57 METERS (187 FT) 5. TIPOVA MONASTERY (~1776) - BIGGEST ORTHODOX CAVE MONASTERY IN EASTERN EUROPE - IN ANCIENT TIMES (IV-III C. BC) A GETO-DACIAN FORTRESS STOOD IN THE GROUNDS. ITS REMAINS ARE STILL VISIBLE. 6. SAHARNA MONASTERY (~1777) - EXCEPTIONAL PANORAMIC VIEW OF ROCKY HILLS AND FORESTS WITH 30 CASCADES & WATERFALLS -IMPORTANT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE WITH THE REMAINS FROM THE IRON AGE (X-VIII C. BC) 7. METROPOLITAN CATHEDRAL, CHISINAU (~1830) - THE PRINCIPAL CATHEDRAL OF THE MOLDOVAN ORTHODOX CHURCH - THE CATHEDRAL WAS BUILT TO A NEOCLASSICAL DESIGN BY ABRAM MELNIKOV - THE BELL TOWER WAS ORIGINALLY BUILT IN 1836, BUT WAS DESTROYED AFTER WWII AND REBUILT IN 1997 Info Sources: http://www.travel.md/what-to-see/chur... http://www.moldova.md/en/content/mona... Strategic Partners: Advexon, Explore Moldova, #BeOurGuest Discover the Routes of Life: http://moldova.travel/ Video Produced by: http://www.360fly.video/ We have teamed up with the best cinematographers worldwide and assembled a world class flight crew. We are ready to shoot anywhere and anytime. Whether you want to film a high-speed chase, or you just need a Real Estate Video, the 360Fly Team will adjust to your project, providing scouting, filming, and creative editing for any type of script you have written. We strive to ensure that your vision is fulfilled through our work. We are proud to have one of the best post-production team in the industry. They are professionals who love what they do and create true works of art. We exclusively use products from SONY & DJI Science and Technology Co., Ltd ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- We are based on three continents, operating in the following cities: -Los Angeles, CA -San Diego, CA -San Francisco, CA -Seoul, S. Korea -Chisinau, Moldova -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Our Website: http://www.360fly.video/ Contact us: https://www.facebook.com/360flyvideo/
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Will We Live On The Moon? Back to The Moon: For Goods | Google Lunar XPRIZE In case you haven’t heard, the Moon is trending again… and in a big way. Like in the glory days of the 1960s and 1970s, our big white space neighbor is enjoying the attention of lunar explorers. Only this time, they’re going back to the moon for good. The Google Lunar XPRIZE full-dome planetarium show Back To The Moon For Good chronicles teams around the world competing for the largest incentivized prize in history, by landing a robotic spacecraft on the Moon for the first time in more than 40 years. To win the Google Lunar XPRIZE, a team must land a robotic spacecraft on the Moon, navigate 500 meters over the lunar surface, and send video, images and data back to Earth. This global competition is designed to spark imagination and inspire a renewed commitment to space exploration, not by governments or countries – but by the citizens of the world. The show opens with the first era of space exploration in the late 1960s and early 1970s. We see what that era of landers and orbiters taught us about our nearest neighbor including the discovery of the Moon’s origin, composition, structure and the accessibility of raw materials on its surface. The Google Lunar XPRIZE is introduced as the largest incentivized competition to date, designed to democratize space and create new opportunities for eventual human and robotic presence on the Moon. We see the engineering and innovation steps taken by the internationally distributed teams competing to land a spacecraft on the Moon and vie for additional prizes. We highlight the human spirit of competition and collaboration as teams take on this audacious challenge. Who will win the $30 million Google Lunar XPRIZE? The audience is taken through a successful launch, landing and lunar surface travel. The show ends with a stunning glimpse of a plausible scenario for our future on the Moon. * Subscribe for more Scientific & Technological Videos * Like & Share * go to our website http://www.advexon.com * Share your ideas and comment
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Physicists and engineers at CERN use the world's largest and most complex scientific instruments to study the basic constituents of matter – fundamental particles. Subatomic particles are made to collide together at close to the speed of light. The process gives us clues about how the particles interact, and provides insights into the fundamental laws of nature. We want to advance the boundaries of human knowledge by delving into the smallest building blocks of our universe. The instruments used at CERN are purpose-built particle accelerators and detectors. Accelerators boost beams of particles to high energies before the beams are made to collide with each other or with stationary targets. Detectors observe and record the results of these collisions.Founded in 1954, the CERN laboratory sits astride the Franco-Swiss border near Geneva. It was one of Europe's first joint ventures and now has 22 member states. What does “CERN” stand for? At an intergovernmental meeting of UNESCO in Paris in December 1951, the first resolution concerning the establishment of a European Council for Nuclear Research (in French Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire) was adopted.Two months later, an agreement was signed establishing the provisional Council – the acronym CERN was born.Today, our understanding of matter goes much deeper than the nucleus, and CERN's main area of research is particle physics. Because of this, the laboratory operated by CERN is often referred to as the European Laboratory for Particle Physics. What is the LHC? The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the world’s largest and most powerful particle accelerator. It first started up on 10 September 2008, and remains the latest addition to CERN’s accelerator complex. The LHC consists of a 27-kilometre ring of superconducting magnets with a number of accelerating structures to boost the energy of the particles along the way.The beams inside the LHC are made to collide at four locations around the accelerator ring, corresponding to the positions of four particle detectors – ATLAS, CMS, ALICE and LHCb.
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Mars Underground Project * Our New Channel for Documentary 1080p HD - http://www.youtube.com/advexon * Subscribe for more Scientific & Technological Videos * Like & Share * go to our website http://www.advexon.com * Share your ideas and comment
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*NHK World (Japan) - China, The Great Dragon Documentary * Subscribe for more Scientific & Technological Videos * Like & Share * Share your ideas and comment
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Stephen Hawking is the former Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge and author of A Brief History of Time which was an international bestseller. Now the Dennis Stanton Avery and Sally Tsui Wong-Avery Director of Research at the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics and Founder of the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at Cambridge, his other books for the general reader include A Briefer History of Time, the essay collection Black Holes and Baby Universe and The Universe in a Nutshell. In 1963, Hawking contracted motor neurone disease and was given two years to live. Yet he went on to Cambridge to become a brilliant researcher and Professorial Fellow at Gonville and Caius College. From 1979 to 2009 he held the post of Lucasian Professor at Cambridge, the chair held by Isaac Newton in 1663. Professor Hawking has over a dozen honorary degrees and was awarded the CBE in 1982. He is a fellow of the Royal Society and a member of the US National Academy of Science. Stephen Hawking is regarded as one of the most brilliant theoretical physicists since Einstein. Brief History For the first time, Stephen Hawking turns his gaze inward for a revealing look at his own life and intellectual evolution. My Brief History recounts Stephen Hawking’s improbable journey, from his post-war London boyhood to his years of international acclaim and celebrity. Illustrated with rarely seen photographs, this concise, witty and candid account introduces readers to the inquisitive schoolboy whose classmates nicknamed him ‘Einstein’; the jokester who once placed a bet with a colleague over the existence of a black hole; and the young husband and father striving to gain a foothold in the world of academia. Writing with humility and humour, Hawking opens up about the challenges that confronted him following his diagnosis of ALS aged twenty-one. Tracing his development as a thinker, he explains how the prospect of an early death urged him onward through numerous intellectual breakthroughs, and talks about the genesis of his masterpiece A Brief History of Time – one of the iconic books of the twentieth century. * Subscribe for more Scientific & Technological Videos * Like & Share * go to our website http://www.advexon.com * Share your ideas and comment
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Interstellar Travel Interstellar travel is the term used for hypothetical crewed or uncrewed travel between stars or planetary systems. Interstellar travel will be much more difficult than interplanetary spaceflight; the distances between the planets in the Solar System are less than 30 astronomical units (AU)—whereas the distances between stars are typically hundreds of thousands of AU, and usually expressed in light-years. Because of the vastness of those distances, interstellar travel would require a high percentage of the speed of light; huge travel time, lasting from decades to millennia or longer; or a combination of both. The speeds required for interstellar travel in a human lifetime far exceed what current methods of spacecraft propulsion can provide. Even with a hypothetically perfectly efficient propulsion system, the kinetic energy corresponding to those speeds is enormous by today's standards of energy production. Moreover, collisions by the spacecraft with cosmic dust and gas can produce very dangerous effects both to passengers and the spacecraft itself. A number of strategies have been proposed to deal with these problems, ranging from giant arks that would carry entire societies and ecosystems, to microscopic space probes. Many different spacecraft propulsion systems have been proposed to give spacecraft the required speeds, including nuclear propulsion, beam-powered propulsion, and methods based on speculative physics.
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Oracle founder Larry Ellison is engineering a major reorganization of his daughter Megan Ellison’s struggling Annapurna Pictures, according to several people familiar with the situation. The studio has been hemorrhaging money for years and continues to suffer an exodus of top executives who have either been forced out or who left on their own accord. The latest casualty, film president Chelsea Barnard, was fired this week. Since launching seven years ago, Annapurna quickly established itself as a favorite production company among auteurs, backing films of critically beloved directors such as Kathryn Bigelow, Paul Thomas Anderson and David O. Russell. It developed a reputation for being immune to the kinds of financial challenges and volatility that many other indie companies have faced. The reason, agents and artists point out, was that it has continued to benefit from the deep pockets of Megan’s billionaire father. Both she and her brother David (who runs Skydance) had the advantage of readily available funds when they each launched their companies. Thanks for watching Make sure to subscribe and leave a comment below.
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Geological Mysteries of Earth - Full Documentary [HD] To solve geology mysteries about the history and age of the earth, we have to go beyond the tipical quarrel in geology between main stream geologyand religion/ bible based geology. Alfredo Gamarra proposed a different model of our earth, in which earth made significant changes during it's history. He said that earth originally came from the sun, and underwent a process of expansion, going through different stages, from one orbit till the other. During this process earth increased in mass. As a consecuence, the force of Gravity also increased. All other planets underwent the same process. Alfredo said that human history took place during the latest 3 orbits, as earth was neither too close, neither too far away from the sun to make human life possible. The present orbit of 365 days is only the latest part in our history, before this, there was a period of 260 days and before that one of 225 days. Alfredo Gamarra is not the only one who claims a smaller earth and less gravity in the past. The expanding earth theory is a geological theory that exists for a long time, but was critized and rejected by main stream geology, basically because there was no explanation for the increase in mass and where the mass should come from. Neither was there an explanation within the conventional laws of physics. But there are hard to deny evidences presented on an Expanding or Growing Earth. For example by geologist James Maxlow, who presented recently his book Terra Non Firma Earth, a convincing document in favor of an expanding earth. See also his website:www.jamesmaxlow.com The most convincing argument is the perfect ftting of the continents on a smaller earth, this could not be a coincidence. Maxlow: ''a Pangaean reconstruction on a globe representing between 55% to 60% of the present Earth radius can produce a tight, coherent fit of continents''. See a sample of Terra non firma online: Terra Non Firma To buy his book or e-book, see here: Terra Non Firma See lectures online here: James Maxlow on youtube There are many authors now that wrote about an expanding earth, see here: reading tips for the growing and/ or expanding earth theory Than there is Neal Adams, he discovered that planets and moons in our solar system grow. As the planets grow, their outer skin cracks and spreads and new surface is exposed and hardens. He shows animations of different planets and moons on his webside, making them smaller and making older plates (without the cracks) fit again, and it fits perfectly! Again, all those perfect fits cannot be a coincidence. See: http://www.nealadams.com Now Alfredo Gamarra proposed a model of an orbit changing planet, while the expanding or growing earth model is of gradual increase of mass and orbit. But both Alfredo's theory and the expanding/ growing earth theory coincide that earth was smaller: there was less mass, so gravity was less also. This had it's influence on life on earth. And even for human history it had consecuences, as ancient vestiges can show us. The reasons Alfredo Gamarra splits human history in 3 parts, are various: -3 different styles in ancient vestiges (the older styles with phenomena not easy to repeat with present technology, or in other words, made under circumstances with less gravity and density) -symbols of 3 phases in many vestiges and cultures around the globe -3 concentric circles in for example Sasayhuaman, Stonehenge, Borobudur and others -the 3 pyramids of Giza -the 3 different ages humans can reach in for example the bible and egyptian history (see the relation between age and gravity) -the existence of 3 mythical worlds of the Incas in Cusco, but interpretated as 3 real worlds -the existence of 3 different calendars, the 225 dyas of the Sun Gate of Tiohuanaco, Bolivia, the Mayan Tzolkin calendar of 260 days and the Mayan Haab calendar in which references where found to 365, 260 and 225 days. * Subscribe for more Scientific & Technological Videos * Like & Share * go to our website http://www.advexon.com * Share your ideas and comment
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Alien Earth | Life Beyond Earth One of eight new planets spied in distant solar systems has usurped the title of "most Earth-like alien world", astronomers have said. All eight were picked out by Nasa's Kepler space telescope, taking its tally of such "exoplanets" past 1,000. But only three sit safely within the "habitable zone" of their host star - and one in particular is rocky, like Earth, as well as only slightly warmer. The find was revealed at a meeting of the American Astronomical Society. Red sky The three potentially habitable planets join Kepler's "hall of fame", which now boasts eight fascinating planetary prospects. And researchers say the most Earth-like of the new arrivals, known as Kepler 438b, is probably even more similar to our home than Kepler 186f - which previously looked to be our most likely twin. At 12% larger than Earth, the new claimant is bigger than 186f but it is closer to our temperature, probably receiving just 40% more heat from its sun than we do from ours. So if we could stand on the surface of 438b it may well be warmer than here, according to Dr Doug Caldwell from the Seti (Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence) Institute in California. "And it's around a cooler [red dwarf] star... so your sky would look redder than ours does to us," Dr Caldwell said. That first-person encounter, however, is unlikely - both because the planet is 475 light-years away and because we still have essentially no idea what it's made of. Images from the Kepler telescope, which trails behind the Earth and peers far into the distance as we orbit our own sun, are used to identify far-off planets by observing "transits". This refers to the dimming of a star's light when a planet passes in front of it. A large team of researchers then uses additional data from Earth-bound telescopes to further explore these unfamiliar solar systems. They try to calculate how big the planets are, and how closely they orbit their host stars. Not everything that causes such a dimming eventually turns out to be a planet, however. At the same time as the eight confirmed new exoplanets were announced by a 26-strong team spanning Nasa and multiple US institutions, the Kepler mission's own scientists released another tranche of more than 500 "candidate" planets. "With further observation, some of these candidates may turn out not to be planets," said Kepler science officer, Fergal Mullally. "Or as we understand their properties better, they may move around in, or even outside, the habitable zone." 'Star Trek' scenario Even once scientists have anointed a candidate as a confirmed exoplanet, the question of whether or not it is "Earth-like" is a fraught one, with fuzzy boundaries. The size of the habitable, or "Goldilocks" zone, where a planet is far enough from its sun to hold water but not so distant that it freezes, depends on how confident scientists want to be with their guess-work. According to Dr Cardwell, just three of the eight new exoplanets can be confidently placed in that zone - and only two of those are probably rocky like the Earth. More detailed description is very difficult. "From the Kepler measurements and the other measurements we made, we don't know if these planets have oceans with fish and continents with trees," Dr Caldwell told BBC News. "All we know is their size and the energy they're receiving from their star. "So we can say: Well, they're of a size that they're likely to be rocky, and the energy they're getting is comparable to what the Earth is getting. "As we fill in these gaps in our solar system that we don't have, we learn more about what it means to be Earth-like, in some sense." Speaking at a related event at the conference, Prof Debra Fischer from Yale University said she remembered a time before the first exoplanet was discovered, more than two decades ago. "I remember astronomers before that point being very worried," she said. "We really had to step back and say: Maybe the Star Trek picture is wrong. That filled me with despair." Prof Fischer said that sensitive telescopes like Kepler had ushered in an era of "amazing and impressive work". "We're talking about a planet - and we can only see its star with a powerful telescope. "And we can draw graphs and sketch its composition and have serious scientific discussions. This is incredible." Subscribe us Thanks for watching * Subscribe for more Scientific & Technological Videos * Like & Share * go to our website http://www.advexon.com * Share your ideas and comment
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